People by name, A with Quotes

571 people with 8,954 quotes

Name Quotes Bio
Aagaard, Jacob3Jacob Aagaard (born 31 July 1973) is a Danish-born Scottish chess Grandmaster and British Champion in 2007. He is also a chess author and co-owner of Quality Chess, a chess publishing house.
Aaliyah36Aaliyah Dana Haughton (January 16, 1979 - August 25, 2001) was an American singer and actress.
Aalto, Alvar1Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (3 February 1898 – 11 May 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer, as well as a sculptor and painter. His work includes architecture, furniture, textiles and glassware.
Aaron, Hank5Henry Louis "Hank" Aaron (born February 5, 1934, in Mobile, Alabama) is a retired Major League Baseball (MLB) player whose career lasted 23 seasons from 1954 to 1976 with the Braves organization in the National League. At Atlanta's Fulton-County Stadium on Monday, April 8, 1974, Aaron hit his 715th career home run, which put him in first place on the all-time list ahead of Babe Ruth. He finished his career with 755 home runs, a record that stood for 33 years until San Francisco Giants outfielder Barry Bonds broke it by hitting his 756th career home run on August 7, 2007.
Abagnale, Frank11Frank William Abagnale, Jr. (born April 27, 1948) was a check forger and impostor for five years in the 1960s. Currently he runs Abagnale and Associates, a financial fraud consultancy company. His life story provided the inspiration for the feature film Catch Me If You Can, nominally based on his ghost-written biography of the same name.
Abani, Chris2Chris Abani (born 27 December 1966) is a Nigerian author.
Abbas, Khwaja Ahmad1Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (June 7, 1914 – June 1, 1987) was an Indian film director, novelist, screenwriter, and a journalist in the Urdu, Hindi, and English languages.
Abbas, Mahmoud5Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: محمود عباس) (born March 26, 1935), commonly known as Abu Mazen (ابو مازن), was elected President (Ra'ees) of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9, 2005 and took office on January 15, 2005.
Abbey, Edward94Edward Paul Abbey (29 January 1927 – 14 March 1989) was an American writer noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies.
Abbey, Henry4Henry Abbey (11 July 1842 – 7 June 1911) was an American writer and poet.
Abbott, Andrew2Andrew Delano Abbott (born ca 1948) is an American sociologist and Gustavus F. and Ann M. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago.
Abbott, Berenice6Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991), born Bernice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her black-and-white photography of New York City architecture and urban design of the 1930s.
Abbott, Derek7Derek Abbott (born May 3, 1960, in South Kensington, London, UK) is a physicist and electronic engineer. He is a Professor of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at the University of Adelaide, Australia. He is notable for leading theoretical work in the development of Parrondo's paradox, contributions to the field of stochastic resonance, and experimental contributions to T-ray imaging.
Abbott, Diane2Diane Abbott (born 27 September 1953) is a British Labour Party politician, the first black woman to be elected to the House of Commons.
Abbott, Edwin Abbott70Edwin Abbott Abbott (20 December 1838 – 12 October 1926) was an English schoolmaster and theologian, most famous as the author of the social satire Flatland (1884), with its use of mathematical dimensions in religious and political allegories.
Abbott, Jack8Jack Henry Abbott (January 21, 1944 – February 10, 2002) was an American author and prisoner. His most celebrated work In the Belly of the Beast depicted his life of crime and the psychology of imprisonment.
Abbott, Shirley6Shirley Jean Abbott Tomkievicz (born November 16, 1934) is magazine editor and writer, most noted for her three volumes of memoirs.
Abbott, Tony33Tony Abbott (born 4 November 1957) is the current Prime Minister in the Australian House of Representatives and federal leader of the centre-right Liberal Party of Australia.
Abdul-Baha4Sir `Abdu'l-Bahá `Abbás Effendí (23 May 1844 – 28 November 1921), commonly known as `Abdu'l-Bahá (abdol-ba-haa), was the son of Bahá'u'lláh, the Prophet-Founder of the Bahá'í Faith. In 1892, `Abdu'l-Bahá was appointed in his father's Will to be his successor and head of the Bahá'í Faith. His Journeys to the West, and his Tablets of the Divine Plan spread the Bahá'í message beyond its Persian roots, and his Will and Testament laid the foundation for the current Bahá'í administrative order.
Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem1Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (born April 16, 1947, in New York City, New York) is a successful former high school, collegiate, and professional NBA basketball player.
Abdullah of Saudi Arabia9Abdullah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (1 August 1924 – 23 January 2015) was the king of Saudi Arabia, having succeeded his brother Fahd bin Abdul Aziz on 1 August 2005.
Abdullah Yameen1Abdullah Yameen (21 May 1959) is the 6th and current President of the Republic of Maldives. He had been the Minority Leader of the People's Majlis, the legislature of the Maldives as an elected Member of Parliament for four successive terms from 1993 onwards. He has represented constituencies in Meemu and Baa atolls.
Abdullah, Omar1Omar Abdullah (born 10 March 1970) is an Indian Kashmiri politician and Chief Minister of the northern Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir.
Abdussamatov, Khabibullo1Khabibullo Ismailovich Abdussamatov (born October 27, 1940) is a Russian astrophysicist of Uzbek descent. He is the supervisor of the Astrometria project of the Russian section of the International Space Station and the head of Space research laboratory at the Saint Petersburg-based Pulkovo Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is a global warming skeptic.
Abel, Reuben1Reuben Abel is writer and editor of the Humanistic Pragmatist. Abel authored Man is the Measure. Here he discusses many different angles of philosophy on many different, but connected topics.
Abelard, Peter5Peter Abelard (or Petrus Abaelardus) (1079 – April 21 1142) was a French scholastic philosopher and theologian. His tragic affair with his pupil Héloïse became one of the best-known love stories of the Middle Ages.
Abella, Isaac1Isaac David Abella (born June 20, 1934) is Professor of Physics at The University of Chicago. He specializes in laser physics, quantum optics, and spectroscopy. Isaac is the cousin of Irving Abella.
Abelson, Philip1Philip Hauge Abelson (April 27, 1913 – August 1, 2004) was an American physicist, editor of scientific literature, and science writer. He was the co-discoverer of the element neptunium.
Abercrombie, Lascelles3Lascelles Abercrombie (January 9, 1881 – October 27, 1938), also known as the Georgian Laureate, was a British poet and literary critic, one of the "Dymock poets", a community which included Rupert Brooke and Robert Frost.
Aberjhani44Aberjhani (born July 8, 1957, in Savannah, Georgia) is an African-American historian, poet, journalist, essayist, and fiction writer. His Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance is one of the most referenced titles on the 1920s to 1940s cultural movement, and his first book, I Made My Boy Out of Poetry, is often described as a modern underground classic.
Abernathy, Ralph2Rev. Ralph Abernathy (March 11, 1926 – April 17, 1990) was a Baptist minister, civil rights activist, and a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Following King's assassination, he took up the leadership of the SCLC Poor People's Campaign and led the March on Washington, D.C., that had been planned for May 1968.
Abernethy, George1George Abernethy (October 7, 1807 – March 2, 1877) was an American pioneer, notable entrepreneur, and first governor of Oregon under the provisional government in what would become the state of Oregon in the United States.
Abiola, Hafsat3Hafsat Abiola (born 1974) is a Nigerian human rights, civil rights and democracy activist, founder of the Kudirat Initiative for Democracy (KIND), which seeks to strengthen civil society and promote democracy in Nigeria.
Abish, Walter1Walter Abish (born December 24 1931) is a famous Austrian-born American author of experimental novels and short stories.
Abourezk, James3James Abourezk (born 1931) was the first Arab-American elected to the United States Senate.
Abraham19Abraham (Hebrew: אַבְרָהָם, Modern Avraham Tiberian ʼAḇrāhām, Arabic: إبراهيم‎, Ibrāhīm, ʼAbrəham), born Abram (c. 1900 BC?), is the founding patriarch of the Israelites, Ishmaelites, Edomites, Midianites and kindred peoples, according to the book of Genesis.
Abraham Cahan2Abraham "Abe" Cahan (7 July 1860 – 31 August 1951) was a Belarusian-born Jewish-American socialist newspaper editor, novelist, and politician.
Abrams, M. H.18Meyer (Mike) Howard Abrams (23 July 1912 – 22 April 2015) was an American literary critic, known for works on Romanticism, in particular his book The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition (1971).
Abrikosov, Alexei1Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (born June 25, 1928) is a Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2003.
Abse, Dannie4Dannie Abse (Daniel Abse, born 22 September 1923 – 28 September 2014) is a Welsh poet and retired doctor; medicine, his Jewish culture and Welsh nationality are frequent themes in his work.
Abssi, Shaker1Sheikh Shaker al-Abssi (1955–2008) was the head of Fatah al-Islam.
Abu Bakr2Abū Bakr ibn Abu Quhhafa (c. 573–August 23, 634/13 AH) was a companion of and the first Muslim ruler after Muhammad (632–634). Sunnis regard him as his rightful successor (caliph) and the first of four righteous Caliphs (Rashidun). The Shi'a believe he violated Muhammad's direct orders and orchestrated a coup d'état. Scholarly consensus lists him as the first Muslim Caliph.
Abu Nuwas3Abu Nuwas (c. 750 – c. 810), Arab poet; Libertine pederast, lived in Baghdad during the reigns of Caliphs Harun al-Rashid and Muhammad al-Amin. His poetry describes a life of debauchery, wine, boys and women.
Abu-Jamal, Mumia8Mumia Abu-Jamal (born April 24, 1954) is a former Black Panther activist, convicted murderer, and journalist on death row in the United States.
Abū-Rayhān Bīrūnī5Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī (September 15, 973 – December 13, 1048) was a Persian polymath, scientist, physicist, anthropologist, psychologist, astronomer, chemist, critic of alchemy and astrology, encyclopedist, historian, geographer, traveller, geodesist, geologist, pharmacist, philosopher, theologian, scholar and teacher, and he contributed greatly to all of these fields.
AbuKhalil, As'ad3As'ad AbuKhalil (Arabic: أسعد أبو خليل; born March 16, 1960) is a professor of political science at California State University, Stanislaus and visiting professor at University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Historical Dictionary of Lebanon (1998) and Bin Laden, Islam & America's New "War on Terrorism" (2002). He maintains a blog, The Angry Arab News Service, in which he describes himself as an "atheist secularist".
Abzug, Bella3Bella Savitsky Abzug (July 24, 1920 – March 31, 1998) was a well-known American political figure, a leader of the women's movement, and a member of the United States House of Representatives.
Acconci, Vito3Vito Hannibal Acconci (born January 24, 1940) is an American designer, landscape architect, performance and installation artist.
Ace, Goodman2Goodman Ace (15 January 1899 – 25 March 1982), born Goodman Aiskowitz, was an American humorist.
Acevedo Vilá, Aníbal1Aníbal Salvador Acevedo Vilá (born February 13, 1962) was the eighth Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. As such, he was a member of the National Governors Association, the Southern Governors' Association, and the Democratic Governors Association.
Acharya, Manmohan6Manmohan Acharya (मनोमोहन आचार्य; born 20 October 1967) is a poet and lyricist of India.
Achebe, Chinua33Chinua Achebe (November 16, 1930 – March 21, 2013) was a Nigerian novelist, poet, and critic. His first novel, Things Fall Apart (1958), is the most widely read book in modern African literature.
Acheson, Dean46Dean Gooderham Acheson (April 11, 1893 – October 12, 1971) was the United States Secretary of State under President Harry S. Truman. He was known to have played a large part in writing the Truman Doctrine, and was well-known for his anti-Communist views.
Acker, Kathy14Kathy Acker (April 18, 1947 – November 30, 1997), born Karen Alexander, was an American experimental writer.
Ackerman, Diane9Diane Ackerman (born October 7, 1948) is an American author, poet, and naturalist most famous for her work A Natural History of the Senses. She has taught at various universities, including Columbia and Cornell, and her essays regularly appear in distinguished popular and literary journals.
Ackoff, Russell L.71Russell L. Ackoff (1919–2009) was an American organizational theorist, professor and pioneer in the field of operations research, systems thinking and management science.
Ackroyd, Peter9Peter Ackroyd (born 5 October 1949) is an English novelist, critical biographer, poet and children's writer.
Acosta, Oscar Zeta18Oscar Zeta Acosta (April 8, 1935 – disappeared 1974) was an American attorney, politician, novelist and Chicano Movement activist.
Acton, Eliza3Elizabeth "Eliza" Acton (April 17, 1799 – February 13, 1859) was an English poet and cook who produced one of the country's first cookbooks aimed at the domestic reader rather than the professional cook or chef, Modern Cookery for Private Families. In this book she introduced the now-universal practice of listing the ingredients and suggested cooking times with each recipe.
Adair, Robert11Robert Kemp Adair (born 1924) is an American physicist. He is Sterling Professor Emeritus of physics at Yale University.
Adam15Adam (Hebrew: אָדָם‎, Arabic: آدم‎) was, according to the Book of Genesis and the Qur'an, the first man created by God and noted as such in subsequent Jewish, Christian, Islamic and Bahá'í traditions and literature. In Hebrew ׳āḏām, meaning "human" coupled with the definite article, becomes "the human"; its root is linked to its triliteral root אָדָם (A-D-M ), meaning "red", "fair", "handsome". As a masculine noun, 'adam means "man", "mankind" usually in a collective context as in humankind. The noun 'adam is also the masculine form of the word adamah which means "ground" or "earth" and is related to the words: adom (red), admoni (ruddy), and dam (blood).
Adam Warlock25Adam Warlock, originally known as Him, is a golden-skinned superhero who appears in the fictional Marvel Universe created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. The character first appeared in Fantastic Four Vol. 1, #66 (September 1967) in cocoon form, and #67 (October 1967) in humanoid form. He developed as a Messiah figure in the early 1970s, battling against the Man-Beast, and later after Earth's Avengers had been defeated by the super-viillain Thanos, he appeared as "the Ultimate Avenger" against him. In later stories he eventually battled incarnations of aspects of his own psyche, the tyrranical Magus, and the fanatical Goddess, and even later, emerged from the realms of the Soul Gem to once again battle Thanos, who had attained God-like powers. Defeating him when he himself attains those powers, he eventually abandons them, forming the group the Infinity Watch to prevent anyone from ever again attaining such might. Later still, he joined the Guardians of the Galaxy.
Adam, Thomas2Thomas Adam (February 25, 1701 – March 31, 1784) was a Church of England clergyman and religious writer.
Adams, Abigail24Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and is seen as the second First Lady of the United States, though that term was not coined until after her passing. She was also the mother of John Quincy Adams.
Adams, Ansel16Ansel Adams (February 20 1902 – April 22 1984) was an American fine art photographer most famous for his wilderness landscapes.
Adams, Brooks1Peter Chardon Brooks Adams (June 24, 1848 – February 13, 1927), better known simply as Brooks Adams, was an American historian and a critic of capitalism. He graduated from Harvard University in 1870 and studied at Harvard Law School in 1870 and 1871.
Adams, Bryan21Bryan Adams OC OBC (born 5 November 1959) is a Canadian singer, guitarist and songwriter. Adams was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in 1998 and in April 2006, he was inducted into the Music Hall of Fame at Canada's Juno Awards.
Adams, Charles Follen3Charles Follen Adams (1842–1918) was an American poet. In 1872, he began writing humorous verses for periodicals and newspapers in a Pennsylvania German dialect.
Adams, Charles Francis, Sr.3Charles Francis Adams (18 August 1807 – 21 November 1886) was an American lawyer, politician, diplomat and writer; the son of President John Quincy Adams and Louisa Catherine Johnson and the grandson of President John Adams and Abigail Adams.
Adams, Douglas76Douglas Noel Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author and satirist, most famous for his The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series of radio plays and books.
Adams, Franklin Pierce6Franklin Pierce Adams (November 15, 1881, Chicago, Illinois – March 23, 1960, New York City, New York) was an American columnist, well known by his initials F.P.A., and wit, best known for his newspaper column, "The Conning Tower", and his appearances as a regular panelist on radio's Information Please. A prolific writer of light verse, he was a member of the Algonquin Round Table of the 1920s and 1930s.
Adams, Gerry2Gerard "Gerry" Adams, MLA, MP (Irish: Gearóid Mac Ádhaimh, born 6 October 1948) is an Irish republican politician and president of Sinn Féin.
Adams, Henry302Henry Brooks Adams (16 February 1838 – 27 March 1918) was a U.S. historian, journalist, novelist and educator. He was the great-grandson of John Adams, grandson of John Quincy Adams and son of Charles Francis Adams, Sr.
Adams, James Truslow5James Truslow Adams (October 18, 1878 – May 18, 1949) was an American writer and historian.
Adams, John151John Adams (30 October 1735 – 4 July 1826) was the first (1789–1797) Vice President of the United States of America, and the second (1797–1801) President of the United States, in office from 4 March 1797 to 4 March 1801. He was the husband of Abigail Adams, father of John Quincy Adams.
Adams, John Bodkin13John Bodkin Adams (21 January 1899 – 4 July 1983) was an Irish-born British physician widely believed to have been a serial killer. He was tried in 1957 for the murder of one of his patients but controversially acquitted, while another charge of murder was withdrawn via a nolle prosequi - an act which the presiding judge described as an 'abuse of process' by the prosecutor Reginald Manningham-Buller. According to Scotland Yard files released in 2003, Adams was suspected in the murders of up to 163 of his patients.
Adams, John Quincy36John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was an American lawyer, diplomat, politician, the sixth President of the United States (March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1829), and the son of John Adams and Abigail Adams.
Adams, Nehemiah4Nehemiah Adams (February 19, 1806 – October 6, 1878) was an American clergyman and writer.
Adams, Patch5Hunter Campbell "Patch" Adams (born 28 May 1945) is a medical doctor, social activist, citizen diplomat, professional clown, performer, and author. He founded the Gesundheit! Institute in 1972.
Adams, Ryan54David Ryan Adams (born November 5, 1974) is an American alt-country and rock singer-songwriter.
Adams, Samuel41Samuel Adams (27 September 1722 – 2 October 1803) was an American revolutionary and organizer of the Boston Tea Party. He was governor of Massachusetts from 1793 to 1797.
Adams, Sarah Fuller Flower4Sarah Adams (22 February 1805 – 14 August 1848) was an English poet and hymn writer. She was the younger daughter of Benjamin Flower, editor and owner of The Cambridge Intelligencer, and married William Brydges Adams, an inventor and civil engineer.
Adams, Scott37Scott Adams (born 8 June 1957) is an American cartoonist and satirist, most famous for his Dilbert series of comic strips and books.
Adams, William10William Adams D.D. (Shrewsbury, England, 1706/07 – 13 February 1789) was Fellow and Master of Pembroke College, Oxford.
Adbhutananda, Swami13Swami Adbhutananda (died 1920) was a direct monastic disciple of Ramakrishna. Being illitrate, he did not write any books. His teachings and sayings have been recorded by this disciples and devotees.
Addams, Jane24Jane Addams (6 September 1860 – 21 May 1935) was a pioneer social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and a major advocate of women's suffrage and world peace. She was a member of the American pragmatist school of philosophy, and 1931 she became the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Addison, Joseph203Joseph Addison (May 1 1672 – June 17 1719) was an English politician and writer. His name is often remembered in tandem with that of his friend, Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine.
Addleshaw, Percy3Percy Addleshaw (1866–1916) was an English poet, barrister and writer.
Ade, George11George Ade (9 February 1866 – 16 May 1944) was an American writer, newspaper columnist, and playwright.
Adele (singer)9Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (born 5 May 1988), better known simply as Adele, is an English singer-songwriter.
Adenauer, Konrad7Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer (January 5, 1876 – April 19, 1967) was a German statesman. Although his political career spanned 60 years, beginning as early as 1906, he is most noted for his role as Chancellor of West Germany from 1949-1963 and chairman of the Christian Democratic Union from 1950 to 1966. He was the oldest person to be chancellor after the Second World War.
Adiga, Aravind12Aravind Adiga (Kannada: ಅರವಿಂದ ಅಡಿಗ, born 23 October 1974) is a journalist and author, who holds dual Indian and Australian citizenship. His debut novel, The White Tiger, won the 2008 Man Booker Prize.
Adin Ballou1Adin Ballou (23 April 1803 – 5 August 1890) was an American Unitarian minister, abolitionist and pacifist.
Adjani, Isabelle3Isabelle Adjani (born 27 June 1955) is French film actress and singer.
Adler, Alfred6Alfred Adler (February 7, 1870 – May 28, 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor and psychologist.
Adler, Felix69Felix Adler (August 13 1851 – April 24 1933) was a Jewish professor of political and social ethics, rationalist, popular lecturer, religious leader and social reformer who founded the Ethical Culture movement, and is often considered one of the main influences on modern Humanistic Judaism. He founded the Ethical Culture Fieldston School as a free kindergarten in 1878.
Adler, Freda10Freda Adler (born 1934) is an American criminologist, educator and Professor Emeritus at Rutgers University, who published in a variety of criminological areas, including female criminality, international issues in crime, piracy, drug abuse, and social control theories.
Adler, Hermann3Hermann Adler (30 May 1839 – 18 July 1911) was the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire from 1891 to 1911.
Adler, Mortimer19Mortimer Jerome Adler (December 28, 1902 – June 28, 2001) was an American Aristotelian philosopher and author.
Adler, Stella13Stella Adler (February 10, 1901 – December 21, 1992) was an American actress and an acclaimed acting teacher.
Adolf von Baeyer1Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer (October 31, 1835 – August 20, 1917) was a German chemist who synthesized indigo, and was the 1905 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Adorno, Theodor53Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund Adorno (September 11, 1903 – August 6, 1969) was a German sociologist, philosopher, musicologist and composer.
Adunis1Ali Ahmad Said Asbar (Arabic: علي أحمد سعيد إسبر; transliterated: alî ahmadi s-sacîdi l-'asbar or Ali Ahmad Sa'id) (born 1930), also known by the pseudonym Adonis or Adunis (Arabic: أدونيس), is a Syrian poet and essayist who has made his career largely in Lebanon and France. He has written more than twenty books in his native Arabic.
Adyashanti24Adyashanti (born Steven Gray in 1962) is an American spiritual teacher and writer.
Aerts, Diederik12Diederik Aerts (born April 17, 1953) is a Belgian theoretical physicist and a professor at Brussels Free University (Vrije Universiteit Brussel - VUB), where he directs the Center Leo Apostel for Interdisciplinary Studies (CLEA)
Aeschines7Aeschines (389–314 BC) was a Greek statesman and one of the ten Attic orators.
Aeschylus43Aeschylus (Greek: Αἰσχύλος; 525 BC – 456 BC) was a playwright of ancient Greece, the earliest of the three greatest Greek tragedians, the others being Sophocles and Euripides.
Aesop35Aesop (or Æsop, from the Greek Aisopos) (c. 620 BC – c. 560 BC) was an ancient Greek fabulist of possibly African descent (his Greek name means Ethiopian or black man in today's parlance), by tradition a slave who credited the African goddess Isis for his gift.
Aesop Rock1Aesop Rock (born Ian Matthias Bavitz in 1976) is a hip hop musician, rapper and producer.
Afek, Yochanan2Yochanan Afek (born 16 April 1952 in Tel Aviv) is an Israeli chess player, composer, trainer and arbiter. He is the only person to possess an international titles at four different facets of chess, being an International Master, International Master of chess compositions, International Arbiter and International Arbiter of chess compositions.
Affleck, Ben2Ben Affleck (born Benjamin Géza Affleck-Boldt; August 15, 1972) is an American actor, film director, writer, and producer. He became known in the mid-1990s after his involvment in the film Mallrats (1995), and later played the lead role in Chasing Amy in 1997. Affleck has since become an Academy Award winner along with Matt Damon for their collaborative screenplay in the 1997 film Good Will Hunting. He has established himself as a Hollywood leading man, having starred in several big budget films, such as Armageddon (1998), Pearl Harbor (2001), Changing Lanes (2002), The Sum of All Fears (2002), and Daredevil (2003). Affleck recently has drawn critical acclaim for his work as a filmmaker in Gone Baby Gone (2007) and The Town (2010). In the latter of which he played the main role. He has collaborated on occasion with his younger brother, actor Casey Affleck.
Aflaq, Michel3Michel Aflaq (Arabic: ميشيل عفلق‎ ʿAflaq, born Damascus 1910, died Paris June 23, 1989) was a Syrian philosopher, who is credited with being the ideological founder of ba'athism, a hybrid of Arab nationalism and Arab socialism.
Aga Khan 313Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah, Aga Khan III GCSI GCMG GCIE GCVO PC (2 November 1877 – 11 July 1957) was the 48th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili Muslims. He was one of the founders and the first president of the All-India Muslim League, and served as President of the League of Nations from 1937 to 1938.
Aga Khan 420The Āgā Khān IV (or His Highness Prince Karīm al-Ḥussaynī Āgā Khān IV) KBE CC GCC (born 13 December 1936) is the 49th hereditary Imam (spiritual leader) of the Ismaili Muslims, comprised of ethnically and culturally diverse peoples living in over 25 countries around the world. A Harvard graduate in Islamic history, the Aga Khan succeeded his grandfather as Imam of the Ismailis in 1957. He is the founder and Chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network.
Agamben, Giorgio2Giorgio Agamben (born 1942) is an Italian philosopher who teaches at the Università IUAV di Venezia. He became famous for his investigations on the concepts of a "state of exception" and homo sacer. He is particularly critical of the United States' response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the use of terrorism as a permanent condition that legitimizes a "state of exception" as the dominant paradigm for governing in contemporary politics.
Agase, Alex1Alexander Arrasi Agase (27 March 1922 – 3 May 2007) was an American football player and coach.
Agate, James9James Evershed Agate (9 September 1877 – 6 June 1947) was an English drama critic and diarist. He is now best remembered for his diaries, published in many volumes under the overall title Ego.
Agathon3Agathon (Greek Ἀγάθων) (c. 448–400 BCE) was an Athenian tragic poet and friend of Euripides and Plato.
Agayants, Ivan4Ivan Ivanovich Agayants (August 28 1911 – May 12 1968) was a leading Soviet NKVD/KGB intelligence officer of Armenian origin. He reportedly helped prevent a German operation to attack the three allied leaders meeting at the 1943 Teheran Conference. On his return to Moscow Agayants was appointed to head the Western European Department of what would become the KGB.
Aghazadeh, Gholam-Reza2Gholam-Reza Aghazadeh (born 1947) is the Vice President for Atomic Energy in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Agis II1Agis II (Gr. Ἄγις; c. 427 – 401 BC), the elder son of Archidamus II, was the 17th king of the Eurypontid dynasty of Sparta.
Agis IV1Agis IV (Greek: Ἄγις; c. 265 – 241 BC), the elder son of Eudamidas II, was the 24th king of the Eurypontid dynasty of Sparta.
Agnew, Jonathan2Jonathan Philip Agnew (born 4 April 1960; nicknamed "Aggers") is an English cricket broadcaster and former professional cricketer.
Agre, Peter2Peter Agre (born 30 January 1949) is an American biologist and winner of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, shared with Roderick MacKinnon.
Agresta, Robert8Robert Agresta (born March 31, 1983) is a lawyer and an American Republican Party politician who was elected on November 4, 2008 to serve a three-year term as a Republican councilman in the Borough of Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
Aguilar, Grace4Grace Aguilar (June 1816 – September 16 1847) was an English novelist and writer on Jewish history and religion. She was born in Hackney, London, of Jewish parents of Portuguese descent.
Aguilera, Christina3Christina María Aguilera (born December 18, 1980) is an American Grammy Award-winning Pop/R&B singer, songwriter and actress.
Aguirre, Esperanza4Esperanza Aguirre y Gil de Biedma, Countess of Murillo, Grandee of Spain DBE (born 3 January 1952) is a Spanish politician and the current President of Madrid. She is President of Madrid's People's Party and the first female politician in Spain to have held the office of President of the Senate and Minister of Education and Culture in Spanish democratic history.
Ah Koy, James9James Ah Koy (born 1936) is a Fijian businessman and politician. He is currently a Senator. He is known for his fundamentalist Christian views.
Ahbez, Eden9eden ahbez (15 April 1908 – 4 March 1995) was an American poet, musician, and songwriter; born Alexander Aberle, adopted and raised as George McGrew, he insisted on spelling his adult name in lower-case letters, and was called "ahbe" by his family and friends.
Ahern, Bertie15Bertie Ahern (born September 12, 1951) was the tenth Taoiseach of Ireland between 1997 and 2008.
Ahiqar12Ahiqar (or Ahikar) was an Assyrian sage known in the ancient Near East for his outstanding wisdom.
Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud58Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (born October 28, 1956) is the sixth President of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He became president on 6 August 2005 after winning the 2005 presidential election by popular vote. Before becoming president, he was the Mayor of Tehran.
Ahmed, Israr1Dr. Israr Ahmed is the founder the Tanzeem-e-Islami, an Islamic revolutionary party in Pakistan.
Ahtisaari, Martti5Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari (born 23 June 1937) is a former President of Finland (1994–2000), a United Nations diplomat and mediator noted for his international peace work, and the recipient of the 2008 Nobel Peace Prize.
Ai Weiwei217Ai Weiwei (Chinese: 艾未未; born 1957 in Beijing) is a leading Chinese artist, curator, architectural designer, cultural and social commentator and activist.
Aiken, Clay18Clay Aiken (born November 30, 1978) American singer, US Fund for UNICEF Ambassador, co-founder of the Bubel Aiken Foundation(BAF).
Aiken, Conrad68Conrad Potter Aiken (5 August 1889 – 17 August 1973) was an American writer and poet.
Aiken, George1George David Aiken (August 20, 1892 – November 19, 1984) was an American politician from Vermont. A Republican, he served as Governor of Vermont from 1937 to 1941 and as a U.S. Senator from 1941 to 1975.
Aiken, Howard H.2Howard Hathaway Aiken was a pioneer in computing, being the primary engineer behind IBM's Harvard Mark I computer.
Ailes, Roger3Roger Eugene Ailes (born 15 May 1940) is the president of Fox News Channel and chairman of the Fox Television Stations Group. He was a media consultant for Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and George H. W. Bush, as well as Rudy Giuliani’s first mayoral campaign in 1989.
Ainger, Alfred1Alfred Ainger (9 February 1837 – 8 February 1904) was an English biographer and hymn-writer.
Airy, George1Sir George Biddell Airy FRS (27 July 1801 – 2 January 1892) was an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881. His many achievements include work on planetary orbits, measuring the mean density of the Earth, a method of solution of two-dimensional problems in solid mechanics and, in his role as Astronomer Royal, establishing Greenwich at the location of the prime meridian. He was also the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge.
Aitken, Jonathan5Jonathan Aitken (born 30 August 1942) was a British politician who went to prison for perjury.
Ajaib Singh4Ajaib Singh was an Indian Sant of the Surat Shabd Yoga spiritual path.
Akef, Mahdi3Sheikh Mohammed Mahdi Akef (Arabic: محمد مهدى عاكف‎) (born July 12, 1928) is the head of the Muslim Brotherhood, an Egypt-based Islamic political movement.
Akenside, Mark4Mark Akenside (November 9, 1721 – June 23, 1770) was an English poet and physician.
Akerlof, George1George Arthur Akerlof (born June 17, 1940) is an American economist and University Professor at the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University. He won the 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, which he shared with Michael Spence and Joseph E. Stiglitz.
Akhavan-Sales, Mehdi3Mehdi Akhavān-Sāles or Akhavān-Sāless (1928, Mashhad, Iran — 1990, Tehran, Iran), pen name M. Omid (م. امید, Hope) was a prominent Iranian poet. He is one of the pioneers of Free Verse (New Style Poetry) in Persian language.
Akhenaten5Akhenaten, also spelled Akhenaton, Akhnaton, Ikhnaton, or Echnaton (meaning "Effective Spirit of Aten"), and known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, meaning "Amun is Satisfied"), was a Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt, who ruled for 17 years and died in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. He is especially noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monotheistic or henotheistic. Later official language avoids calling the Aten a god, giving the solar deity a status above mere gods.
Akhmatova, Anna80Anna Andreevna Gorenko А́нна Андре́евна Горе́нко (23 June {11 June O.S.} 1889 - 5 March 1966) was a Russian poet, known primarily by her pen name Anna Akhmatova А́нна Ахма́това. Her work was condemned and censored by Soviet authorities and she notably chose not to emigrate, but remained in Russia, acting as witness to the difficulties of living and writing in the shadow of Stalinism.
Akhromeyev, Sergei5Sergei Feodorovich Akhromeyev (May 5, 1923 – August 24, 1991) was a Russian military figure, Hero of the Soviet Union (1982), Marshal of the Soviet Union (1983), who was Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces 1984-1988, and committed suicide after the 1991 August Coup.
Akihito3Akihito (born 23 December 1933) is the reigning Emperor of Japan, the 125th emperor of his line according to Japan's traditional order of succession. He acceded to the throne in 1989. In Japan, the emperor is never referred to by his given name, but rather is referred to as "His Imperial Majesty the Emperor" which may be shortened to "His Imperial Majesty".
Akin, Todd5William Todd Akin (born July 5, 1947) was the US Representative for Missouri's 2nd congressional district from 2001 to 2013.
Akinola, Peter25The Most Reverend Peter Jasper Akinola (born 1944) is Anglican Primate of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), Archbishop of Province III of Nigeria, and Bishop of the capital city, Abuja.
Al Hurricane11Al Hurricane born Alberto Nelson Sanchez (July 10, 1936) is an American singer-songwriter, dubbed "The Godfather" of New Mexican music.
Al Maktoum, Mohammed bin Rashid12Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum(Arabic (محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم) (honorifically referred to as Sheikh Mohammed) (born 1949-07-22) is the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates and is the ruler of Dubai.
Al Saud, Sultan1Sultan bin Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud (born June 27 1956) is a former Royal Saudi Air Force pilot who flew aboard the STS-51-G Space Shuttle mission as a payload specialist. He is a member of House of Saud and thus was the first of royal blood, and the first Arab and Muslim to be in outer space.
Al Shaykh, Abdul-Aziz Bin Abdullah3Aal ash-Shaikh (born 1941) has been the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia after being appointed to the post by King Fahad in 1999.
Al-Farabi1Abū Nasr Muhammad ibn al-Farakh al-Fārābi (b. 870 - between 14 December 950 and 12 January 951) was a Persian or Turkic and Islamic philosopher and Scientist.
Al-Fayed, Mohamed3Mohamed Abdel Moneim Fayed (Arabic: محمد الفايد) (born January 27, 1929) is an Egyptian-born businessman, who is the owner of Harrods department store in Knightsbridge, the English Premiership football team. Fulham Football Club and other business interests. He is an outspoken and often brash figure, who has made several controversial remarks.
Al-Ghalib, Muhammad Asadullah4Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib (Arabic: د.محمد اسد الله الغالب; Bengali: ড. মুহাম্মাদ আসাদুল্লাহ আল-গালিব) (born January 15, 1948) is a Bangladeshi reformist Islamic scholar and professor of Arabic at the University of Rajshahi.
Al-Hallaj, Mansur12Mansur al-Hallaj (c. 858 – 26 March 922) was a Persian monist philosopher, mystic, writer and teacher of Sufism. His full name was Abu al-Mughith al-Husayn ibn Mansur al-Hallaj.
Al-Hariri, Wahbi4Wahbi Al-Hariri-Rifai (1914–1994) was a distinguished Syrian American artist, archaeologist, and architect.
Al-Haytham4Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم‎), frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham or Alhacen(c. 965 – c. 1040), was an Arab scientist, polymath, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who made significant contributions to the principles of optics, astronomy, mathematics, meteorology, visual perception and the scientific method.
Al-Khalili, Jim1Jim Al-Khalili OBE (born 20 September 1962) is a British theoretical nuclear physicist, academic, author and broadcaster.
Al-Maarri4Abul ʿAla Al-Maʿarri (973–1058) was a blind Arab philosopher, poet, and writer.
Al-Mutanabbi7Abu at-Tayyib Ahmad ibn al-Husayn al-Mutanabbi al-Kindi (915 – 23 September 965) was an Arab poet. He is considered as one of the greatest poets in the Arabic language.
al-Ouda, Salman5Salman bin Fahd bin Abdullah Al-Ouda or Salman al-Ouda, Salman al-Oadah, Salman Al-Audah, or Salman Al-Awdah -alias Abu Mu'ad (أبو معاذ)- (born 1955 or 1956) is a Saudi cleric or Sheikh and Muslim scholar. Al-Ouda is a member of the International Union for Muslim Scholars and on its Board of Trustees. He is a director of the Arabic edition of the website Islam Today and appears on a number of TV shows and authors newspaper articles.
Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid1Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid, also known as Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Harithi al-Baghdadi al-Mufid, was a 10th century Iraqi scholar and jurist.
al-Zawahiri, Ayman1Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri (Arabic: أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري‎ ʾAyman Muḥammad Rabīʿ aẓ-Ẓawāhirī, detailed transliteration: Åỉmɑn Mʋhɑm̑ɑd Rɑbio al-Ƶ̑ɑuaeɩri ; born 19 June 1951), or simply known as al-Zawahiri or Ayman, is an Egyptian Islamic theologian and the current leader of al-Qaeda, taking over from Osama bin Laden. He was previously the emir of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad.
Alan Paton2Alan Stewart Paton (11 January 1903 – 12 April 1988) was a South African author and anti-apartheid activist.
Alas, Leopoldo1Leopoldo García Alas y Ureña (25 April 1852 – 13 June 1901), also known as Clarín, was a Spanish realist novelist born in Zamora. He died in Oviedo.
Albee, Edward22Edward Franklin Albee III (born 12 March 1928) is an American playwright , known for works including Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf, The Zoo Story, The Sandbox and The American Dream.
Albers, Joseph29Josef Albers (March 19, 1888 – March 26, 1976) was a German artist, mathematician and educator whose work, both in Europe and in the United States, formed the basis of some of the most influential and far-reaching art education programs of the 20th century.
Albert L. Lehninger19Albert Lester Lehninger (February 17, 1917 – March 4, 1986) was an American biochemist in the field of bioenergetics.
Albert, Prince Consort2Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (August 26, 1819 – December 14, 1861) was the husband of Queen Victoria. He was interested in the arts, science and technology, and led the Great Exhibition project in 1851. After his death in 1861, Queen Victoria spent the rest of her life in mourning, and always wore black.
Alberti, Scipione1Scipione Alberti (fl. c. 1550-1600) was a Papal courtier from Siena, nephew of Pope Paul IV.
Albom, Mitch45Mitchell David Albom (born May 23, 1958) is a sportswriter, novelist, newspaper columnist for the Detroit Free Press, syndicated radio host, and TV commentator.
Albright, Madeleine18Madeleine Korbel Albright (born Marie Jana Korbelová on May 15, 1937) is a Czech-born American politician. She served as United States Ambassador to the United Nations (1993–1997) and as the U.S. Secretary of State (1997–2001).
Alcott, Amos Bronson10Amos Bronson Alcott (November 29, 1799 – March 4, 1888) was an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, Alcott pioneered new ways of interacting with young students, focusing on a conversational style, and avoided traditional punishment. He hoped to perfect the human spirit and, to that end, advocated a vegan diet before the term was coined. He was also an abolitionist and an advocate for women's rights.
Alcott, Louisa May36Louisa May Alcott (November 29 1832 – March 6 1888) was an American novelist, best known for the novel Little Women (1868).
Alcuin2Flaccus Albinus Alcuin (circa 735 – 19 May 804) was an eminent scholar, theologian and catholic educator. See also Charlemagne.
Alda, Alan4Alan Alda (born 28 January 1936) is an award-winning American actor, perhaps most famous for his role as Hawkeye Pierce in the television series [email protected]@[email protected]
Alden, Henry Mills1Henry Mills Alden (1836–1919) was an American author and editor of Harper's Weekly and other publications. He was born at Mount Tabor near Danby, Vt. He graduated at Williams College in 1857 and at the Andover Theological Seminary in 1860. Though he was licensed to preach, he chose other fields of endeavor.
Alder, Kurt1Kurt Alder (10 July 1902 – 20 June 1958) was a German chemist.
Aldington, Richard4Richard Aldington (8 July 1892 – 27 July 1962), born Edward Godfree Aldington, was an English writer and poet. Aldington was best known for his World War I poetry.
Aldiss, Brian76Brian Wilson Aldiss (born August 18 1925) is an English writer of general fiction and science fiction.
Aldrich, Henry1Henry Aldrich (1647–1710) was an England theologian and philosopher. He composed several epigrams.
Aldrich, Howard7Howard E. Aldrich (born 1940s) is an American sociologist, and Professor of Sociology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, known for his work on "Organizations and Environments."
Aldrich, James3James Aldrich (July 14, 1810 – September 9, 1856) was an editor and minor poet.
Aldrich, Thomas Bailey14Thomas Bailey Aldrich (November 11, 1836 – March 19, 1907) was a poet and novelist born in Portsmouth, USA.
Aldrin, Buzz1Buzz Eugene Aldrin (born Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr. on January 20, 1930) is an American pilot and astronaut who became the second man to set foot on the Moon (after Neil Armstrong) during the Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar landing.
Alec Baldwin4Alexander Rae "Alec" Baldwin III (born April 3, 1958) is an American actor, film producer and comedian who has appeared on film, stage and television. As a member of the Baldwin family, he is the oldest of the four Baldwin brothers, all well-known actors.
Alec Reed1Alec Reed , CBE, FCMA, FCIPD (born 16 February 1934)1 is the founder of Reed Executive Ltd, one of the UK's largest private businesses. He is now Reed's "Founder at Large". He pursues a number of philanthropic endeavours and is one of Britain's highest-profile charity donors and organisers. His various charitable initiatives have given away over £60m since inception, mostly in support of women, addiction, overseas development, education and the arts. He was knighted for services to business and charity in 2011. He is the founder of seven charities, several companies, two schools and the author of four business books.
Alekhine, Alexander12Alexander Alexandrovich Alekhine (October 31 or November 1, 1892 – March 24, 1946) was a Russian-born naturalized French chess grandmaster (officially naturalized in 1927 only three days before the World Champion title), and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Aleksander, Igor12Igor Aleksander (born January 26, 1937) is an electrical engineer, emeritus professor of Neural Systems Engineering at Imperial College London and experts in the field of artificial intelligence and neural networks, known for designing the world's first neural pattern recognition system in the 1980s.
Alexander Grothendieck3Alexander Grothendieck (28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014) was a German-born French mathematician who became the leading figure in the creation of modern algebraic geometry. His research extended the scope of the field and added elements of commutative algebra, homological algebra, sheaf theory and category theory to its foundations, while his so-called "relative" perspective led to revolutionary advances in many areas of pure mathematics.
Alexander I of Macedon2Alexander I of Macedon of the Argead dynasty was king of Macedon from 498 BC to 454 BC
Alexander II of Russia1Alexander II (Russian: Алекса́ндр II Никола́евич, tr. Aleksandr II Nikolaevich; IPA: ɐlʲɪˈksandr ftɐˈroj nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ; 29 April O.S. 17 April 1818 - 13 March O.S. 1 March 1881) was the Emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855 until his assassination in 1881, and also the King of Poland and the Grand Prince of Finland.
Alexander Mackendrick9Alexander Mackendrick (September 8, 1912 – December 22, 1993) was a Scottish-American film director and teacher.
Alexander the Great33Alexander III (late July, 356 BC – 10 June 323 BC) was the Ruler of Macedon, and creator of an empire that included Greece, Persia, Egypt, and many regions beyond them; commonly known as Alexander the Great (in Greek: Μέγας Ἀλέξανδρος : Megas Alexandros). He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of the most notable military commanders in history.
Alexander, Archibald1Archibald Alexander (April 17, 1772 – October 22, 1851) was an American Presbyterian theologian and professor at the Princeton Theological Seminary. He served for 27 years as that institution's first principal from 1812 to 1840.
Alexander, Cecil Frances5Cecil Frances Humphreys Alexander (Early April 1818 – 12 October 1895) was a hymn-writer and poet.
Alexander, Christopher5Christopher Alexander (born October 4, 1936) is an Austrian-born British architect.
Alexander, F. Matthias1Frederick Matthias Alexander (20 January 1869 – 10 October 1955) was an Australian actor who developed the educational process that is today called the Alexander Technique: a form of education that is applied to recognize and overcome reactive, habitual limitations in movement and thinking.
Alexander, Harold1Harold Alexander, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a British military commander and field marshal who served with distinction in both world wars and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.
Alexander, James Waddel3James Waddel Alexander (March 13, 1804 – July 31, 1859) was an American Presbyterian minister and theologian who followed in the footsteps of his father, Rev. Archibald Alexander.
Alexander, Lloyd47Lloyd Chudley Alexander (January 30, 1924 – May 17, 2007) was a widely-influential American author of more than forty books, mostly fantasy novels for children and adolescents, as well as several adult books. His most famous contribution to the field of children's literature is the fantasy series The Chronicles of Prydain.
Alexander, Shana3Shana Alexander (6 October 1925 – 23 June 2005) was an American journalist.
Alexander, William3William Alexander (c.1567 – 1640) was a Scottish poet.
Alexandrovna, Larisa9Larisa Alexandrovna (born December 7, 1971) is a journalist. She currently works as Managing News Editor of Raw Story, and contributes opinion and columns to blogs such as the Huffington Post, online publications such as Alternet, and has had her work referenced in Rolling Stone, Vanity Fair, and Newsweek among others.
Alexie, Sherman13Sherman Alexie, Jr. (born 7 October 1966 in Spokane, Washington) is an award-winning and prolific writer (of novels, short stories, poems, and screenplays) and occasional comedian who lives in Seattle, Washington. Much of his writing draws on his experiences as a modern Native American (he is a Spokane/Coeur d'Alene Indian) in the United States.
Alexis7Alexis (c. 375 BC – c. 275 BC) was a Greek comic poet.
Alfano I, Archbishop of Salerno2Alfano I, Archbishop of Salerno (died 1185) was a noted physician and ecclesiastic, archbishop of Salerno from 1058, who worked at the famous Schola Medica Salernitana.
Alfieri, Vittorio10Count Vittorio Alfieri (16 January 1749 – 8 October 1803) was an Italian dramatist, considered the "founder of Italian tragedy".
Alfonso X of Castile3Alfonso X (November 23, 1221 – April 4, 1284) was a Spanish monarch who ruled as the King of Galicia, Castile and León from 1252 until his death. He was elected Rex Romanorum in 1254. His nicknames were "el Sabio" ("the Wise", more accurately translated "the Learned") and "el Astrólogo" ("the Astronomer").
Alford, Henry4Henry Alford (7 October 1810 – 12 January 1871) was an English churchman, theologian, textual critic, scholar, poet, hymnodist, and writer.
Alfred Cortot15Alfred Denis Cortot (26 September 1877 – 15 June 1962) was a Franco-Swiss pianist and conductor.
Alfred the Great26Ælfrēd or Alfred the Great (848 or 849 – October 26, 899), king of Wessex from 871 to 899, was responsible for turning back the Danish invasion of Wessex and for promoting a revival of education, scholarship, law and administration. His translations of theological and philosophical works into Old English are sometimes said to have laid the foundations of English prose.
Alfredo Di Stéfano11Alfredo Di Stéfano (July 4, 1926 – July 7, 2014) was an Argentinian footballer.
Alfvén, Hannes11Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (30 May 1908, Norrköping, Sweden – 2 April 1995, Djursholm, Sweden) was a Swedish plasma physicist who won the Nobel Prize in 1970 for his work developing magnetohydrodynamics theory. He trained as, and considered himself to be, an electrical power engineer, taught physics at university, became professor of electromagnetic theory, and accepted the Chair of Plasma Physics. Later he worked in universities in America.
Alger, William R.17William Rounseville Alger (1822-1905) was a Unitarian minister and author whose writings were important to the development of comparative religious studies. His works included The Poetry of the East (1856) and A Critical History of the Doctrine of a Future Life (1860).
Algren, Nelson6Nelson Algren (March 28, 1909 – May 9, 1981) was an American writer.
Ali125Ali bin Abi Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب) (c. 600 – 661) was the cousin and son-in-law of the prophet Muhammad, the fourth Sunni Caliph, the first Shia Imam, and well known for his general knowledge, wisdom, and eloquence as an orator and a poet. Most of the Sufi orders of Islam claim their descent from Ali.
Ali al-Hadi22‘Alī ibn Muhammad al-Hādī an-Naqī (Arabic: علي بن محمد الهادي النقي‎; 828–868 AD) was the tenth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām. He was the son of Muhammad al-Taqī and was the eighth generation grandson of Muhammad.
Ali al-Rida24‘Alī ibn Mūsā ar-Ridhā (Arabic: علي بن موسى الرضا‎; 765–818 AD) was the eighth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām. He was the son of Mūsā al-Kādhim and was the sixth generation grandson of Muhammad.
Ali Zayn al-Abidin10‘Alī ibn Husayn Zaynul ‘Ābidīn (658 - 713 AD) (Arabic: علي بن حسين زين العابدين ) was the fourth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām. He was the son of Husayn ibn ‘Alī and was the great-grandson of Muhammad. He is known to both Sunni and Shī‘ah Muslims as Zaynul ‘Ābidīn (Jewel of the Worshippers) and only to Shī‘as as Imām Sajjād (The prostrating Imām).
Ali, Muhammad49Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr., 17 January 1942) is an American boxer who was the Heavyweight Champion of the World three times between 1964 and 1979.
Ali, Tariq6Tariq Ali (born 21 October 1943) is a British-Pakistani author, filmmaker, and historian.
Alighieri, Dante68Durante degli Alighieri (c. 1 June 1265 – 13/14 September 1321), better known as Dante, was an Italian Florentine poet. His greatest work, La divina commedia (The Divine Comedy), is considered as one of the greatest literary statements produced in Europe in the medieval period and it is the basis of the modern Italian language.
Alinsky, Saul21Saul David Alinsky (January 30, 1909 – June 12, 1972) was an American activist and writer. He is generally considered to be the founder of modern community organizing.
Alison, James27James Alison (born 1959) is a Catholic Christian theologian and priest. He is noted for his application of René Girard's anthropological theory to Christian theology and for his work on gay issues.
Alister McGrath1Alister Edgar McGrath (born 23 January 1953) is a Northern Irish theologian, priest, intellectual historian, scientist, and Christian apologist.
Alito, Samuel12Samuel Anthony Alito Jr. (born 1950-04-01) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Aliyev, Heydar3Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev (May 10, 1923 – December 12, 2003), also spelled as Heidar Aliev, Geidar Aliev, Haydar Aliyev, Geydar Aliyev, was the president of Azerbaijan for the New Azerbaijan Party from June 1993 to October 2003, when his son Ilham Aliyev succeeded him.
Alizadeh, Javad13Javad Alizadeh (born 9 January 1953) is an Iranian professional cartoonist best known for his caricatures of politicians, comic actors, footballers, and a scientific philosophical humor on Relativity theory who has titled it 4D Humor.
Allais, Alphonse3Alphonse Allais (20 October 1854 – 28 October 1905) was a French satirist.
Allais, Maurice6Maurice Félix Charles Allais (31 May 1911 – 9 October 2010) was a French economist, and the 1988 laureate of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics "for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources". Besides his career in economics, Maurice Allais performed experiments between 1952 and 1960 in the field of gravitation, special relativity and electromagnetism, and discovered the Allais effect.
Allan, Jani26Jani Allan (born 11 September 1953) is a former South African columnist and radio personality who has also been the subject of intense media coverage.
Allee, W. C.2Warder Clyde Allee (5 June 1885 – 18 March 1955) was an American zoologist and ecologist known for his work in the behavioural sciences during the 1930s.
Alleine, Joseph18Joseph Alleine (baptised 8 April 1634 – 17 November 1668) was an English Puritan Nonconformist pastor and author of many religious works.
Alleine, Richard6Richard Alleine (c. 1610/11 – 22 December 1681) was an English Puritan divine, and an older relative of Joseph Alleine.
Allen, Dave5Dave Allen (6 July 1936 – 10 March 2005) was an Irish comedian.
Allen, David (author)4David Allen (born December 28, 1945) is a productivity consultant.
Allen, Elizabeth Chase3Elizabeth Chase Allen (October 9, 1832, Strong, Maine – August 7, 1911, Tuckahoe, New York) was an American author, journalist and poet.
Allen, Ethan33Ethan Allen (21 January 1738 {10 January 1737 O.S.} – 12 February 1789) was an early American revolutionary and guerrilla leader during the era of the Vermont Republic.
Allen, Fred7Fred Allen (31 May 1894 – 17 March 1956), born John Florence Sullivan, was an American comedian and radio host.
Allen, Frederick Lewis2Frederick Lewis Allen (July 5, 1890, in Boston, Massachusetts – February 13, 1954, in New York City) was the editor of Harper's Magazine and also notable as an American historian of the first half of the 20th century.
Allen, Gracie32Grace Ethel Cecile Rosalie Allen (26 July 1895 year uncertain – 27 August 1964) was an American comedian, actress, singer, dancer; and the comedic partner and wife of George Burns.
Allen, James19James Allen (28 November 1864 – 1912) was an English author and poet.
Allen, Lily7Lily Rose Beatrice Allen (born 2 May 1985) is an English singer-songwriter. Allen also hosts her own BBC Three talk show Lily Allen and Friends.
Allen, Patrick11John Keith Patrick Allen (17 March 1927 – 28 July 2006) was a British actor and voice actor.
Allen, Ray1Walter Ray Allen (born July 20, 1975, in Merced, California) is most well known for being an American professional basketball player in the NBA. He has also appeared in two films, co-starring in Spike Lee's He Got Game alongside Denzel Washington. He is now playing in the Boston Celtics.
Allen, Stanley1Herbert Stanley Allen (December 29, 1873 – April 27, 1954) was a pioneer in early X-ray research, working under J. J. Thomson at the University of London and alongside Nobel laureate Charles Glover Barkla at the University of Edinburgh.
Allen, Steve17Stephen Valentine Patrick William Allen (December 26, 1921 – October 30, 2000) was an American humorist, writer, composer, and general entertainer.
Allen, Tim2Tim Allen (born Timothy Allen Dick on June 13, 1953) is a Golden Globe-winning American comedian, actor, voice-over artist, film director, film producer, screenwriter and entertainer, known for his role in the sitcom Home Improvement. He is also known for his film roles in several popular movies, including the Toy Story series, The Santa Clause, and Galaxy Quest. He is of English, German, Irish, Northern Irish, Scottish and Welsh descent.
Allen, Woody110Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Königsberg on December 1, 1935) is an American film director, writer, musician, actor and comedian.
Allende, Salvador17Salvador Isabelino Allende Gossens (26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean politician of the Socialist Party, and President of Chile from November 1970 up until his death during the 1973 coup.
Aller, Lawrence Hugh1Lawrence Hugh Aller (September 24, 1913 – March 16, 2003) was an American astronomer.
Alley, Kirstie1Kirstie Alley (born January 12, 1951) is an American actress.
Alliluyeva, Svetlana4Svetlana Iosifovna Alliluyeva (28 February 1926 – 22 November 2011), later known as Lana Peters, was the youngest child and only daughter of Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
Allin, Gg28Kevin Michael "GG" Allin (August 29, 1956 – June 28, 1993), born Jesus Christ Allin, was an American punk rock singer-songwriter who performed and recorded with many punk groups during his career. GG Allin is best remembered for his notorious live performances.
Allingham, Margery14Margery Louise Allingham (20 May 1904 – 30 June 1966) was an English crime writer, best remembered for her detective stories featuring gentleman sleuth Albert Campion.
Allingham, William10William Allingham (March 19, 1824 or 1828 – November 18, 1889) was an Irish man of letters and poet.
Allington, Edward1Edward Allington (born 24 June 1951) is an English artist and sculptor.
Allison, Dorothy2Dorothy Allison (born April 11, 1949) is an American lesbian writer, speaker, and member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. She was raised in Greenville, South Carolina. She is legally blind in her right eye.
Allott, Kenneth3Kenneth Allott (1912–1973) was an Anglo-Irish poet and academic, and authority on Matthew Arnold.
Allred, Gloria13Gloria Rachel Allred (née Bloom; born July 3, 1941) is an American civil rights lawyer who is noted for taking high-profile and often controversial cases; she has been particularly involved with cases involving the protection of women's rights.
Allston, Washington2Washington Allston (November 5, 1779 – July 9, 1843) was an American poet and influential painter. He pioneered America's Romantic movement of landscape painting.
Alther, Lisa3Lisa Alther (born July 23, 1944) is an American author and novelist.
Altizer, Thomas J. J.3Thomas Jonathan Jackson Altizer (born May 28, 1927) is a radical theologian who incorporated Friedrich Nietzsche's conception of the "death of God" into his teachings.
Álvarez-Gaumé, Luis4Luis Álvarez-Gaumé (born ca. 1955) is a Spanish theoretical physicist who deals with string theory and quantum gravity.
Alvarez, Al5Alfred Alvarez (born 5 August 1929) is an English poet, literary critic and writer of non-fiction on many subjects. His 1962 anthology The New Poetry attracted a new public to contemporary American poetry, as well as British poets of The Movement and The Group.
Alvarez, Bryan2Bryan Alki Alvarez (born June 12, 1975) is a professional wrestler and the editor of Figure Four Weekly, a newsletter that has covered professional wrestling since 1995.
Alvenley, Richard Arden, 1st Baron8Richard Pepper Arden, 1st Baron Alvanley PC, KC (20 May 1744 – 19 March 1804) was a British barrister and Whig politician, who served as the Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas.
Amacher, Maryanne3Maryanne Amacher (February 25, 1938 – October 22, 2009) was an American composer and installation artist. She is known for working extensively with a family of psychoacoustic phenomena called auditory distortion products.
Amaechi, John2John Amaechi (born November 26, 1970) is a retired English NBA basketball player who currently works as a broadcaster and political activist in the United Kingdom. In February 2007, Amaechi publicly announced that he is gay and became the first player associated with the NBA to come out.
Ambani, Dhirubhai4Dhirubhai Ambani (28 December 1932 – 6 July 2002) was an Indian business magnate and entrepreneur.
Ambani, Mukesh63Mukesh Dhirubhai Ambani (Gujarati: મુકેશ ધીરુભાઈ અંબાણી; born April 19, 1957) is a doyen of Indian business. He is the Chairman, Managing Director and largest shareholder of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), a Fortune Global 500 company which is India's second most valuable company by market value. RIL deals mainly in refining, petrochemical and in oil & gas sectors. Reliance Retail Ltd., another subsidiary, is the largest retailer in India. He was ranked 37 in the "The World's Most Powerful People List - Forbes. Forbes also considered him one of the 68 people who matter most and also named him as one of the richest sports owners in the world. He is also the Chairman of the Board of Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, one of the leading business schools in India. His home is the private 27-storey building in Mumbai called Antilia, which is said to be the most expensive home in history.
Ambedkar, B. R.20Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (April 14, 1891 – December 6, 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian and economist. He pioneered revival of Buddhism in India and inspired the Modern Buddhist movement. He was independent India's first law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India.
Ambler, Scott3Scott W. Ambler (born 1966) is a Canadian software engineer, consultant and author, currently Senior Consulting Partner at Scott Ambler + Associates. He is a well-known author of numerous books focused on the Disciplined Agile Delivery process decision framework, the Unified process, Agile software development, the Unified Modeling Language, and CMM-based development.
Ambrose9Saint Ambrose, Latin: Sanctus Ambrosius, "Ambrosius episcopus Mediolanensis"; Italian: Sant'Ambrogio; Lombard: Sant'Ambroeus) (c. 340 – 4 April 397), bishop of Milan (Mediolanum in Latin), was one of the most eminent bishops of the 4th century. Together with Augustine of Hippo, Jerome, and Gregory I, he is counted as one of the four doctors of the West of antique church history.
Ambrosio, Alessandra4Alessandra Corine Ambrosio (born April 11, 1981) is a Brazilian supermodel. She is a prominent model for Victoria's Secret, the UK company Next and Armani A/X.
Amdahl, Gene7Gene Myron Amdahl (born November 16, 1922) is an American computer architect and high-tech entrepreneur, chiefly known for his work on mainframe computers at IBM and later his own companies, especially Amdahl Corporation. He formulated Amdahl's law, which states a fundamental limitation of parallel computing.
Ames, Fisher9Fisher Ames (April 19, 1758 – July 4, 1808) was a Representative in the United States Congress from Massachusetts.
Ames, Frances3Frances Rix Ames (20 April 1920 – 11 November 2002) was a South African neurologist, psychiatrist, and human rights activist best known for her work on the medical ethics inquiry involving the death of anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko while in police custody.
Ames, Mark23Mark Ames (born 3 October 1965) is a writer known for his work as a Moscow-based expatriate American journalist and editor. He is the founding editor of the satirical biweekly the eXile in Moscow, to which he regularly contributed before he returned to America. Ames has also written for the New York Press, The Nation, Playboy, The San Jose Mercury News, Alternet, Птюч Connection, GQ (Russian edition), and is the author of three books.
Amiel, Henri-Frédéric35Henri-Frédéric Amiel (27 September 1821 – 11 May 1881) was a Swiss philosopher, mystic, poet and critic.
Amin, Hafizullah7Hafizullah Amin (1 August 1929 – 27 December 1979) was the president of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
Amin, Idi14Idi Amin Dada (May 17, 1925 – August 16, 2003) was a Ugandan military officer and the President of Uganda from 1971 to 1979.
Amis, Kingsley14Sir Kingsley William Amis (16 April 1922 – 22 October 1995) was an English novelist, poet, critic, teacher, and father of novelist Martin Amis.
Amis, Martin107Martin Amis (born 25 August 1949) is a British novelist, essayist and short story writer. He is the son of Kingsley Amis.
Amos, Tori41Tori Amos (born 22 August 1963) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter.
Ampère, Anfré-Marie3André-Marie Ampère FRS (20 January 1775 – 10 June 1836) was a French physicist and mathematician who is generally regarded as one of the main discoverers of electromagnetism. The SI unit of measurement of electric current, the ampere, is named after him.
Amrita Sher-Gil23Amrita Sher-Gil (January 30, 1913 – December 5, 1941), an eminent Indian painter, was the daughter of Sardar Umrao Singh Shergil and Antoinette, a Hungarian lady. Her first notable work was "Young Girls", which made her an Associate of the Grand Salon in Paris in 1933; she was the youngest ever Asian to receive this recognition. Her quest for the rediscovery of the traditions of Indian art began at an young age but was cut short by her death at a prime age of 28. Mughal school of painting and Pahari schools of painting and the cave paintings at Ajanta greatly influenced her paintings. She was considered a prominent woman painter of 20th century India. Her legacy is comparable to that of the Masters of Bengal Renaissance. The Government of India has declared her works as National Art Treasures. She was sometimes called as India's Frida Kahlo.
Amritanandamayi, Mata54Mātā Amritanandamayī Devi (Devanagiri: माता अमृतानन्‍दमयी, Malayalam: മാതാ അമൃതാനന്ദമയി; born 27 September 1953) is an Indian spiritual leader revered as a saint by her followers, who also know her as "Amma", "Ammachi" or "Mother". She is a widely respected humanitarian and called by some "the hugging saint".
Amstell, Simon1Simon Amstell (born 29 November 1979) is an English comedian and television presenter. He is best known for presenting Popworld and Never Mind the Buzzcocks.
Amundsen, Roald20Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (16 July 1872 – c. 18 June 1928) was a Norwegian explorer of Earth's polar regions. He led the first Antarctic expedition to reach the South Pole between 1910 and 1912. He was the first person to reach both the North and South Poles. He is also known as the first to traverse the Northwest Passage. He disappeared in June 1928 while taking part in a rescue mission.
Amy Lowell4Amy Lawrence Lowell (9 February 1874 – 5 May 1925) was an American poet of the Imagist school who posthumously won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1926.
Anacharsis7Anacharsis was a Scythian traveller and philosopher of the 6th century BC who visited Athens. His observations on Greek culture survive only through the doubtful testimony of writers who lived many centuries after his time.
Anacreon13Anacreon (582 BC – 485 BC) was a Greek lyric poet, notable for his drinking songs and hymns.
Anand, Mulk Raj5Mulk Raj Anand (12 December 1905 – 28 September 2004) was an Indian novelist and a leading figure of early Indian English literature. His works include novels, poetry, and essays on a wide range of subjects, including social commentaries on India's poor, and on British rule in India.
Anandmurti Gurumaa4Anandmurti Gurumaa (born 8 April 1966) is a new age spiritual guide. Gurumaa teaches the disciplines of meditation, yoga, present moment awareness and self realisation, using meditation techniques from yoga, zen, tantra, sufism, buddhism and devised methods.
Anastacia70Anastacia (born Anastacia Lyn Newkirk on September 17 1968) is a multi-platinum American singer-songwriter, stilist and philanthropist. Anastacia has highly successful in Europe, Latin America, Oceania, Asia and South Africa but has not had as much success in her native United States. Despite the lack of American success, she has sold over 50 million records worldwide.
Anatole Broyard4Anatole Broyard (July 16, 1920 – October 11, 1990) was an American literary critic for the New York Times. He is notable for denying his African ancestry by passing as white.
Anaxagoras12Anaxagoras (c. 500 BC – 428 BC) was a Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Clazomenae in Asia Minor. He introduced the concept of Nous (Mind), as an ordering force in the cosmos. He regarded material substance as an infinite multitude of imperishable primary elements, referring all generation and disappearance to mixture and separation respectively.
Anaximander7Anaximander (Greek: Ἀναξίμανδρος, Anaximandros; c. 610 – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus, a city of Ionia; Milet in modern Turkey. He belonged to the Milesian school and learned the teachings of his master Thales, succeeding him to become the second master of that school where he counted Anaximenes and arguably, Pythagoras amongst his pupils.
Anda, Géza2Géza Anda (19 November 1921 – 14 June 1976) was a Hungarian pianist.
Andersen, Hans Christian16Hans Christian Andersen (April 2 1805 – August 4 1875) was a Danish author and poet most famous for his fairy tales.
Andersen, Larry5Larry Eugene Andersen (born May 6, 1953) is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball and current radio color commentator for the Philadelphia Phillies.
Anderson, Carl2Carl David Anderson (September 3, 1905 – January 11, 1991) was an American physicist. He is best known for his discovery of the positron in 1932, an achievement for which he received the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics, and of the muon in 1936.
Anderson, Chris19Chris Anderson (born 1961) is editor-in-chief of Wired, which has won a National Magazine Award for general excellence three times during his tenure.
Anderson, Gillian18Gillian Leigh Anderson (born August 9, 1968) is an American actress, best known for her roles as FBI Special Agent Dana Scully in the American TV series The X-Files, Moro in Princess Mononoke and Lady Dedlock in the BBC TV series Bleak House. She currently hosts Masterpiece on PBS.
Anderson, Ian (musician)4Ian Scott Anderson (born 10 August 1947) is a Scottish singer, songwriter, guitarist and flautist. He is most famous as the head of the rock band Jethro Tull.
Anderson, John B.22John B. Anderson (born February 15, 1922) is a social activist and former Republican politician who served as a United States Congressman from Illinois from 1961 through 1981, and who was an Independent Presidential candidate in 1980. He has served 12 years as chair of the board of FairVote.
Anderson, Jon3Jon Anderson (born John Roy Anderson on 25 October 1944) is an English musician, most famous as the lead singer of the progressive rock band Yes.
Anderson, Laurie4Laurie Anderson (born 5 June 1947) is an American experimental performance artist and musician.
Anderson, Loni1Loni Kaye Anderson (born August 5, 1945) is an American actress who is known for her four-year run as Jennifer Marlowe on WKRP in Cincinnati (1978–82) and for playing Jayne Mansfield and Thelma Todd in television movies.
Anderson, Margaret Caroline6Margaret Caroline Anderson (November 24, 1886 – October 18, 1973) was founder and editor of the celebrated literary magazine The Little Review, which published an extraordinary collection of modern American, English and Irish writers between 1914 and 1929.
Anderson, Pamela6Pamela "Pam" Denise Anderson (born 1 July 1967) is a Canadian-born international television actress, model, and producer.
Anderson, Philip Warren4Philip Warren Anderson (born 13 December 1923) is an American theoretical physicist.
Anderson, Poul24Poul William Anderson (November 25, 1926 – July 31, 2001) was a prominent American science fiction author who wrote during a Golden Age of the genre. Anderson also authored several works of fantasy.
Anderson, Robert1Robert Woodruff Anderson (April 28, 1917 in New York City – February 9, 2009) was an American playwright, screenwriter, and theater producer.
Anderson, Sherwood10Sherwood Anderson (13 September 1876 – 8 March 1941) was an American writer, mainly of short stories, most notably the collection Winesburg, Ohio.
Anderson, Theodore5Theodore (Ted) Wilbur Anderson (born June 5, 1918) is an American mathematician and statistician, who has specialized in the analysis of multivariate data.
Andrade, Edward3Edward Neville da Costa Andrade (27 December 1887 – 6 June 1971) was an English physicist, writer and poet.
Andre, Carl21Carl Andre (born 16 September 1935) is an artist in American minimalism, recognized for his ordered linear format and grid format sculptures. His work involves the positioning of raw materials – such as bricks, blocks, ingots, or plates.
Andreessen, Marc2Marc Andreessen (born July 9, 1971) is a computer programmer, best known for co-creating Mosaic and co-founding the Netscape Communications Corporation..
Andreou, Constantine2Constantine Andreou (24 March 1917 – 8 October 2007) was a Greek artist.
Andrésen, Björn2Björn Johan Andrésen (born 26 January 1955) is a Swedish actor and musician.
Andreski, Stanislav5Stanisław Andrzejewski (or Stanislav Andreski) (May 8, 1919 – September 26, 2007) was a Polish-British sociologist.
Andreson, John2John Duncan Anderson (born 14 November 1956) is an Australian politician. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the rural-based National Party of Australia from July 1999 to July 2005.
Andrew Loog Oldham1Andrew Loog Oldham (born 29 January 1944) is an English rock and roll producer, impresario and author. He was best known as the manager of The Rolling Stones in the 1960s.
Andrew Taylor Still5Andrew Taylor Still (August 6, 1828 – December 12, 1917) is considered the father of osteopathy and osteopathic medicine. He was also a physician & surgeon, author, inventor and Kansas territorial and state legislator. He was one of the founders of Baker University, and was the founder of the American School of Osteopathy (now A. T. Still University), the world's first osteopathic medical school, in Kirksville, Missouri.
Andrew, Keith1Keith Andrew (born 15 December 1929– 27 December 2010) is a former English cricketer who played in two Tests, in 1954–55 and in 1963.
Andrewes, Lancelot1Lancelot Andrewes (1555 – 25 September 1626) was an English clergyman and scholar, who held high positions in the Church of England during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I and King James I.
Andrews, Julie14Dame Julie Andrews (born 1 October 1935) is an Emmy, Grammy and Academy Award-winning English actress, singer, and author, who became famous for her starring roles in the Broadway musical My Fair Lady and the musical films Mary Poppins (1964) and The Sound of Music (1965); born Julia Elizabeth Wells.
Andric, Ivo2Ivo Andrić (9 October 1892, Dolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 13 March 1975 Belgrade, Serbia) was a Yugoslavian novelist, short story writer, and the 1961 winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Andrieux, François5François Guillaume Jean Stanislaus Andrieux (6 May 1759 – 10 May 1833) was a French man of letters and playwright.
Andriy Shevchenko5Andriy Mykolayovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian: Андрій Миколайович Шевченко, Andrij Mykolajovyč Ševčenko, (born 29 September 1976) is a Ukrainian football striker who plays for Chelsea F.C. in the FA Premier League.
Andy Goldsworthy12Andy Goldsworthy (born 26 July 1956) is a British artist and photographer famous for his site specific sculpture and land art.
Aneirin4Aneirin was a late 6th or early 7th century Brythonic poet from the Hen Ogledd, the Cumbric-speaking regions of northern Britain. His poem Y Gododdin, an elegy for those British warriors who fell in the disastrous battle of Cattraeth, survives only in a late, corrupt and heavily interpolated version.
Aneurin Bevan29Aneurin Bevan (15 November 1897 – 6 July 1960) was a Welsh Labour Party politician who is best known for overseeing the creation of the National Health Service in the Labour government after World War II. Bevan, a left-winger, was intermittently in trouble with the Labour leadership; in the 1950s he astonished his supporters by opposing unilateral nuclear disarmament. He overcame a speech impediment and was regarded as one of the most eloquent public speakers of his day.
Angad Dev, Guru3Guru Angad Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ; 1504-03-31 - 1552-03-29)) was the second of The Ten Gurus of Sikhism. He became Guru on September 7, 1539, following in the footsteps of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh religion.
Angela of Foligno13Saint Angela of Foligno T.O.S.F. (1248 – 4 January 1309) was a Christian author, Franciscan tertiary and mystic of the Catholic Church. She is revered as, "The Mistress of Theologians"
Angell, Norman47Sir Norman Angell, born Ralph Norman Angell Lane, (26 December 1872 – 7 October 1967) was a British economist, lecturer, writer, Member of Parliament for the Labour Party, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1933
Angelou, Maya38Maya Angelou (4 April 1928 – 28 May 2014), born Marguerite Ann Johnson, was an African-American poet, memoirist, actress, director, and civil rights activist.
Angle, Sharron36Sharron Angle (born 26 July 1949) was a former member of the Nevada Assembly from 1999 to 2005. In 2010, she unsuccessfully ran as the Republican Party candidate for United States Senator for the state of Nevada.
Angleton, James Jesus3James Jesus Angleton (December 9, 1917 – May 12, 1987) was a long-serving chief of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) counter-intelligence (CI) staff (Associate Deputy Director of Operations for Counter-Intelligence/ADDOCI).
Angus Young10Angus McKinnon Young (born March 31, 1955, in Glasgow, Scotland) is a rock guitarist who has been a member of Australian hard rock band AC/DC since the group was formed in 1973. Angus is known for his hard-edge blues style lead (and signature vibrato), wild stage energy, and schoolboy clothing style.
Ani DiFranco62Ani DiFranco (born Angela Marie Difranco on September 23, 1970) is a popular folk-rock singer-songwriter and guitarist.
Aniston, Jennifer8Jennifer Joanna Aniston (born February 11, 1969) is an American film and television actor.
Anita Harding4Anita Elizabeth Harding (September 17, 1952 – September 11, 1995) was a British neurologist, and Professor of Clinical Neurology at the Institute of Neurology of the University of London.
Ankier, Jo3Jo Ankier (born 5 August 1982) is a British athlete, sports journalist and model.
Anna Comnena4Anna Comnena (December 1, 1083 – 1153) was a Byzantine princess and writer of the Alexiad, an account of the life and reign of her father, Emperor Alexius I.
Annan, Kofi56Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006. Annan and the United Nations were the co-recipients of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize.
Anne Bradstreet12Anne Bradstreet (ca. 1612 – September 16, 1672) was the first published American woman writer.
Anne of Great Britain5Anne of Great Britain (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1702–1707) and queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707–1714)
Anne Ross Cousin2Anne Ross Cousin (née Cundell; 27 April 1824 – 6 December 1906) was a British poet, musician and songwriter. She was a student of John Muir Wood and later became a popular writer of hymns.
Anne, Princess Royal1The Princess Anne, Princess Royal (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise Laurence, formerly Phillips, née Mountbatten-Windsor), styled HRH The Princess Royal (born August 15, 1950), is a member of the British Royal Family. She is the seventh holder of the title Princess Royal. She is currently tenth in the line of succession to the British throne.
Annie Besant40Annie Besant (October 1, 1847 – September 20, 1933) was a prominent British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule. In 1890 Besant met Helena Blavatsky and over the next few years her interest in theosophy grew while her interest in secular matters waned. She became a member of the Theosophical Society and a prominent lecturer on the subject. She became involved in politics in India, joining the Indian National Congress. When World War I broke out in 1914, she helped launch the Home Rule League to campaign for democracy in India and dominion status within the Empire. This led to her election as president of the India National Congress in late 1917. After the war, she continued to campaign for Indian independence and for the causes of theosophy, until her death in 1933.
Ano, Nuria2Núria Añó (born 1973, Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) is a Catalan writer and novelist
Anouilh, Jean5Jean Anouilh (23 June 1910 – 3 October 1987) was a French dramatist, screenwriter and translator.
Anscombe, G. E. M.9G. E. M. Anscombe (18 March 1919 – 5 January 2001), born Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe, and also known as Elizabeth Anscombe, was an Irish-born British analytic philosopher. A student of Ludwig Wittgenstein, she became an authority on his work, and edited and translated many books drawn from his writings, above all his Philosophical Investigations. She wrote on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of action, philosophical logic, philosophy of language, and ethics. Her monograph Intention (1957) is generally recognized as her greatest and most influential work.
Anselm of Canterbury4Anselm of Canterbury (1033 – April 21 1109) was an Italian-born prelate and scholastic theologian, who moved first to Normandy and then to England. He was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 until his death.
Anshen, Ruth Nanda1Ruth Nanda Anshen (June 14, 1900 – December 2, 2003) was an American philosopher, author and editor.
Ansip, Andrus1Andrus Ansip (born 1 October 1956) is the current Prime Minister of Estonia and chairman of the Estonian Reform Party.
Anslinger, Harry J.4Harry J. Anslinger (20 May 1892 – 14 November 1975) was the first Commissioner of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Narcotics, widely considered the first United States "drug czar".
Anstey, F1F. Anstey was the pen-name of Thomas Anstey Guthrie (8 August 1856 – 10 March 1934), an English novelist and journalist.
Anthony Downs1Anthony Downs (/daʊnz/; born November 21, 1930) is an American economist specializing in public policy and public administration.
Anthony Hope1Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins, more famous as Anthony Hope (9 February 1863 – 8 July 1933), was an English novelist and playwright. He was a prolific writer, especially of adventure novels but he is remembered best for only two books: The Prisoner of Zenda (1894) and its sequel Rupert of Hentzau (1898). These works, "minor classics" of English literature, are set in the contemporaneous fictional country of Ruritania and spawned the genre known as Ruritanian romance. Zenda has inspired many adaptations, most notably the 1937 Hollywood movie of the same name.
Anthony of Padua6Saint Anthony of Padua (1195–1231), born Fernando Martins de Bulhões, was a Portuguese Franciscan priest, later venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church. He was born to a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal, where he lived most of his life. He was a prominent follower of Saint Francis of Assisi in the Order of Friars Minor, and died in Padua, Italy. He was canonized by Pope Gregory IX on May 30, 1232. He was recognized as a Doctor of the Church on January 16, 1946, and is known as the Doctor Evangelicus, or Evangelical Doctor.
Anthony the Great5Saint Anthony the Great (251–356) was a Christian saint, also known as Saint Anthony of Egypt, Saint Anthony of the Desert, Saint Anthony the Anchorite, and honorifically as the Father of All Monks. He was a leader among the Desert Fathers, Christian monks in the Egyptian desert in the 3rd and 4th centuries A.D.
Anthony, Piers3Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob (born 1934) is a fantasy and science-fiction author.
Anthony, Susan B.24Susan Brownell Anthony (15 February 1820 – 13 March 1906) was a prominent, independent and well educated American civil rights leader who, along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, led the effort to secure Women's suffrage in the United States.
Antin, Mary4Mary Antin (June 13, 1881 – May 15, 1949) was an American author and immigration rights activist.
Antisthenes13Antisthenes (Greek: Ἀντισθένης; c. 445 – c. 365 BCE) was a Greek philosopher, a pupil of Socrates, and founder of the Cynic school.
Anto Đapić1Anto Đapić (born August 22, 1958) is a Croatian right-wing politician and the former president of the Croatian Party of Rights (HSP). He currently serves as a Representative in the Croatian Parliament, a post he was elected to at the 1992, 1995, 2000, 2003 and 2007 elections.
Antognazza, Maria Rosa1Maria Rosa Antognazza (born 1964) is a British philosopher and Professor of Philosophy at King's College.
Antoine de Saint Exupéry17Antoine de Saint Exupéry (29 June 1900 – 31 July 1944) was a French writer, poet and aviator.
Antoinette, Marie3Marie Antoinette (November 2 1755 – October 16 1793) was Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria. She was the daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria, the wife of Louis XVI, and the mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined during the French Revolution. She was born Archduchess Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna of the Habsburg dynasty.
Antonioni, Michelangelo40Michelangelo Antonioni (29 September 1912 – 30 July 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered among the most influential in film aesthetics.
Antoniou, Laura6Laura Antoniou (born 1963) is an American novelist.
Antunes, Antonio Lobo3António Lobo Antunes (born 1 September 1942) is a Portuguese novelist.
Anu Garg19Anu Garg (born April 5, 1967) is an American author, speaker, and columnist. He is the founder of, an online community of wordlovers. He writes about language, words and their origins.
Anzaldúa, Gloria2Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa (September 26, 1942 – May 15, 2004) was a Chicana lesbian feminist writer and scholar best known for co-editing the anthology This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color.
Apollinaire, Guillaume21Guillaume Apollinaire (26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918), a French writer of Italian birth and Polish descent, was hugely influential as a Modernist poet and as a spokesman for the Cubist painters. His original name appears in many forms along the lines of Wilhelm Albert Vladimir Apollinaris Kostrowitzky or Wąż-Kostrowicki.
Apollonius of Tyana11Apollonius of Tyana (c. 15 – c. 100 CE) was a Greek Neopythagorean philosopher from the town of Tyana in the Roman province of Cappadocia in Asia Minor.
Appel, Jacob M.24Jacob M. Appel (born February 21, 1973, in New York City) is an American author best known for his short stories, plays, and for his work as a bioethicist.
Appel, Karel20Karel Appel (April 25, 1921 – May 3, 2006) was a Dutch painter and sculptor. He was one of the founders of the avant-garde movement COBRA in 1948.
Appius Claudius Caecus1Appius Claudius Caecus (c. 340 BC – 273 BC) was a political leader in early Roman history.
Apple, Fiona28Fiona Apple Maggart (born 13 September 1977), most famous as Fiona Apple, is a Grammy Award-winning American singer-songwriter and pianist.
Applegate, Christina1Christina Applegate (born November 25, 1971) is an American actress, best known for her role on Married… with Children.
Appleton, Jon4Jon Howard Appleton (born 1939 in Los Angeles, California) is a composer, author and Arthur R. Virgin Professor of Music at Dartmouth College.
Appleton, Thomas Gold1Thomas Gold Appleton (31 March 1812 – 17 April 1884), son of merchant Nathan Appleton, was an American writer, an artist, and a patron of the fine arts.
Apuleius, Lucius6Lucius Apuleius (c. 125 – c. 180) was a Roman philosopher, orator and romance-writer, of Berber North African origin. Apuleius' best-known work is his Metamorphoses, usually known in English as The Golden Ass.
Aquinas, Thomas62Saint Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Catholic philosopher and theologian in the scholastic tradition, known as Doctor Angelicus, Doctor Universalis. He is the most famous classical proponent of natural theology. He gave birth to the Thomistic school of thought (Thomism), which has long been the primary philosophical and theological approach of the Catholic Church.
Arabin, William3William Arabin (1773–1841) was an English judge, notorious for his confused pronouncements.
Araeen, Rasheed2Rasheed Araeen (born 1935) is a London-based conceptual artist, sculptor, painter, writer, and curator.
Arafat, Yasser31Yasser Arafat (4 August 1929 or 24 August 1929 or 14 August 1929 – 11 November 2004) was co-founder and Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (1969–2004), President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) (1993–2004), and co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994.
Arago, François7François Jean Dominique Arago (26 February 1786 – 2 October 1853) was a French Catalan mathematician, physicist, astronomer and politician.
Araki, Sadao19Baron Sadao Araki (May 26, 1877 – November 2, 1966) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army before World War II. A charismatic leader and one of the principal nationalist right-wing political theorists in the late Japanese Empire, he was regarded as the leader of the radical faction within the politicized Japanese Army.
Arany, János1János Arany (2 March 1817 – 22 October 1882) was a Hungarian writer and poet. He is often said to be the "Shakespeare of ballads" – he wrote more than 40 ballads which have been translated into over 50 languages, as well as the Toldi trilogy.
Arbuckle, Roscoe2Roscoe Conkling "Fatty" Arbuckle (March 24 1887 – June 29 1933) was an American actor, comedian, director and screenwriter.
Arbuthnot, John1John Arbuthnot (or Dr Arbuthnot; 1667–1735) was an English physician, satirist and polymath, best remembered for his contributions to mathematics, his membership in the Scriblerus Club (where he inspired both Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels book III and Alexander Pope's Peri Bathos, Memoirs of Martin Scriblerus, and possibly The Dunciad), and for inventing the figure of John Bull.
Archer, Jeffrey1Jeffrey Howard Archer, Baron Archer of Weston-super-Mare (born 15 April 1940) is a British best-selling author and former politician.
Archilochus12Archilochus Ἀρχίλοχος (c. 680 BC – c. 645 BC), Greek poet and mercenary; his name is also rendered as Archilochos or Arkhilokhus.
Archimedes25Archimedes of Syracuse (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, philosopher, scientist and engineer.
Archpoet5The Archpoet (c. 1130 – c. 1165), or Archipoeta (in Latin and German), is the name given to the author of some ten known poems from medieval Latin literature, the most famous of these being his "Confession" found within the Carmina Burana. Along with Hugh Primas of Orléans, he is often cited as the best exemplar of Goliardic poetry and one of the stellar poets of the Latin Middle Ages.
Archytas13Archytas (428–347 BC), of Tarentum, Magna Graecia, was an Ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, statesman, and strategist. He was a scientist of the Pythagorean school and famous for being the reputed founder of mathematical mechanics, as well as a good friend of Plato.
Arden, Don1Don Arden (January 4, 1926 – July 21, 2007), born Harry Levy, was an English music manager, agent and businessman, best known for overseeing the careers of rock groups The Small Faces, Electric Light Orchestra and Black Sabbath. He is also notorious for his aggressive and unflinching business methods. He was the father of Sharon Osbourne (and therefore father-in-law of Ozzy Osbourne), and David Levy, by his late wife, Hope.
Arellano, Elvira2Elvira Arellano (born 1975) is president of La Familia Latina Unida (United Latino Family), a Mexican group that lobbies for families who face deportation.
Arendt, Hannnah45Hannah Arendt (14 October 1906 – 4 December 1975) was a German-American political theorist whose work deals with the nature of power, authority, and totalitarianism.
Aretino, Pietro3Pietro Aretino (April 20 1492 – October 21 1556) was an Italian author, playwright, poet and satirist.
Argenson, Marc-Rene de Voyer de Paulmy d1Marc Antoine René de Voyer, marquis de Paulmy and 3rd marquis d'Argenson (1757) (22 November 1722, Valenciennes – 13 August 1787), was a French ambassador to Switzerland, Poland, Venice and to the Holy See; and later Minister of War. He was also a noted bibliophile and collector of art.
Argenson, Marquis d'1René-Louis de Voyer de Paulmy, Marquis d' Argenson (18 October 1694 – 10 January 1757) was a French statesman.
Arguelles, Jose1José Argüelles (January 24, 1939 – March 23, 2011) was an American New Age author and artist.
Argyris, Chris10Chris Argyris (born July 16, 1923 – 16 November 2013) was an American business theorist, Professor Emeritus at Harvard Business School, known as co-founder of Organization Development, and his seminal work of learning organizations.
Arif, Abdul Rahman2Haji Abdul Rahman Arif (Arabic عبد الرحمن عارف; Abd al-Raḥmān `Ārif; 1916 – August 24, 2007) was President of Iraq from April 16, 1966 to July 16, 1968.
Arion, Frank Martinus1Frank Martinus Arion (Frank Efraim Martinus, born 17 December 1936) is a Curacaoan writer
Ariosto, Ludovico5Ludovico Ariosto (8 September 1474 – 6 July 1533) was an Italian poet, author of the epic poem Orlando furioso (1516), "Orlando Enraged".
Aristophanes78Aristophanes (Greek: Ἀριστοφάνης; c. 446 – c. 386 BC) was a Greek poet and playwright of the Old Comedy, also known as the Father of Comedy and the Prince of Ancient Comedy. Of his forty plays, eleven are extant, plus a thousand fragments of the others.
Aristotle155Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotelēs; 384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and a scientist.
Arius2Arius (AD ca. 250 or 256 – 336) was a Christian priest from Alexandria, Egypt in the early fourth century whose teachings were deemed heretical because of his non-Trinitarian view.
Arkwright, Richard5Richard Arkwright (23 December 1732 – 3 August 1792) was an inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution.
Arlott, John1Leslie Thomas John Arlott (25 February 1914 – 14 December 1991) was an English journalist, author and cricket commentator for the BBC's Test Match Special.
Armatrading, Joan1Joan Anita Barbara Armatrading, MBE (born 9 December 1950) is a British singer, songwriter and guitarist. Armatrading is a three-time Grammy Award-nominee and has been nominated twice for BRIT Awards as Best Female Artist. She also received an Ivor Novello Award for Outstanding Contemporary Song Collection in 1996. In a recording career spanning 40 years, she has released a total of 18 studio albums, as well as several live albums and compilations.
Armey, Dick2Richard Keith "Dick" Armey (born July 7, 1940, in Cando, North Dakota) is a former U.S. Representative from Texas's 26th congressional district, (1985–2003) and House Majority Leader (1995–2003). He was one of the architects of the "Republican Revolution" of the 1990s, in which Republicans were elected to majorities of both houses of Congress for the first time in four decades, and the chief author of the Republican Contract with America.
Armitage, Simon15Simon Armitage (born May 26, 1963) is an English poet, playwright and novelist from Huddersfield. A selection of his poetry forms part of the GCSE syllabus for English Literature.
Armour, Richard1Richard Willard Armour (July 15, 1906 – February 28, 1989) was an American poet and author who wrote over sixty-five books.
Armstrong, Billie Joe5Billie Joe Armstrong (born February 17, 1972) is the lead singer and guitarist of Green Day.
Armstrong, Edwin Howard4Edwin Howard Armstrong (18 December 1890 – 31 March 1954) was an American engineer and the inventor of FM radio.
Armstrong, John7John Armstrong (1709–1779) was a Scottish physician and poet.
Armstrong, Karen23Karen Armstrong, FRSL (born 14 November 1944) is a British author of numerous works on comparative religion.
Armstrong, Lance27Lance Edward Armstrong (born 18 September 1971) is an American former professional road racing cyclist. Armstrong had been declared winner of the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times between 1999 and 2005, before being disqualified from each of those races and banned from cycling for life for doping offenses by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) in 2012. He is the founder of the Lance Armstrong Foundation, later renamed Livestrong Foundation, for providing support for cancer patients.
Armstrong, Neil41Neil Armstrong (5 August 1930 – 25 August 2012) was a former test pilot and astronaut, who was the commander of the Apollo 11 moon landing mission on July 20, 1969, in which he and Buzz Aldrin were the first humans to land on the moon, and he was the first man to walk on the moon.
Arnault, Antoine-Vincent5Antoine-Vincent Arnault (1 January 1766 – 16 September 1834) was a French dramatist.
Arnaut Daniel5Arnaut Daniel was a Provençal troubadour of the late 12th or early 13th century. He was a major influence on Dante.
Arndt Pekurinen1Arndt Pekurinen (August 29, 1905 – November 5, 1941) was a Finnish pacifist.
Arnett, William Emerson11Will Arnett (born 1970-05-05) is an Emmy Award-nominated Canadian-American comedic actor, best known for his portrayal G.O.B. Bluth on the cult favorite Fox series Arrested Development.
Arnheim, Gus4Gus Arnheim (September 4, 1897 – January 19, 1955) was an American band leader and songwriter.
Arnim, Bettina von1Bettina von Arnim (4 April 1785 – 20 January 1859), also known as "Bettina Brentano", was a German writer, publisher, composer, singer, visual artist, and illustrator. She is known for the illustrious company she kept, which included Goethe, Beethoven, and Pückler.
Arnold, Benedict6Benedict Arnold V (January 14 1741 – June 14 1801) originally fought for American independence from the British Empire as a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War until he obtained command of the American fort at West Point, New York and, switching sides, plotted unsuccessfully to surrender it to the British.
Arnold, Edwin4Sir Edwin Arnold (June 10, 1832 – March 24, 1904) was an English poet and journalist.
Arnold, George2George Arnold (June 24, 1834 – November 9, 1865) was an author and poet. After briefly attempting a career as a portrait painter, he turned to writing and became a regular contributor to Vanity Fair.
Arnold, Matthew134Matthew Arnold (December 24 1822 – April 15 1888) was an English poet, essayist and cultural critic. He also pursued a career as an inspector of schools.
Arnold, Thomas4Thomas Arnold (13 June 1795 – 12 June 1842) was a schoolmaster and historian, head of Rugby School from 1828 to 1841. His son was the poet Matthew Arnold; he was also an ancestor of Aldous Huxley.
Arnold, Vladimir7Vladimir Igorevich Arnold (alternative spelling Arnol'd, Russian: Влади́мир И́горевич Арно́льд, 12 June 1937 – 3 June 2010) was a Russian mathematician famous for his work on the KAM theorem regarding the stability of integrable systems, who made important contributions in dynamical systems theory, catastrophe theory, topology, algebraic geometry, symplectic geometry, differential equations, classical mechanics and singularity theory.
Arp, Jean36Jean Arp / Hans Arp (16 September 1886 – 7 June 1966) was a German/French sculptor, painter, poet and a founding member of Dadaism. Later he engaged himself with the French surrealists and lived in Paris. (When Arp spoke in German he referred to himself as "Hans", and when he spoke in French he referred to himself as "Jean".)
Arrau, Claudio1Claudio Arrau León (February 6, 1903 – June 9, 1991) was a Chilean pianist known for his interpretations of a vast repertoire spanning from the baroque to 20th-century composers.
Arrian2Lucius Flavius Arrianus 'Xenophon' (c. 92 – c. 175), known in English as Arrian, was a Greek historian and philosopher.
Arrow, Kenneth41Kenneth Joseph Arrow (born August 23, 1921) is an American economist, Professor Emeritus of Economics in Stanford, and joint winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics with John Hicks in 1972.
Arroyo, Gloria Macapagal)3Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th president of the Philippines.
Arroyo, Stephen1Stephen Arroyo (born October 6, 1946) is an American astrologer.
Arslan, Alp1Muhammad bin Da'ud (1029 – December 15, 1072) was the second sultan of the dynasty of Seljuk Turks, in Persia, and great-grandson of Seljuk, the founder of the dynasty. He assumed the name of Muhammed when he embraced Islam, and due to his military prowess, personal valor, and fighting skills he obtained the surname Alp Arslan, which signifies "a valiant lion."
Artaud, Antonin30Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud (September 4, 1896 – March 4, 1948), better known as Antonin Artaud, was a French playwright, poet, actor and director.
Arthur Kekewich19Sir Arthur Kekewich (26 July 1832 – 22 November 1907) was a British Chancery Division judge.
Arthur Kenney11Arthur Henry Kenney was an Irish priest who was Dean of Achonry from 1812 to 1821.
Arthur Scargill3Arthur Scargill (born January 11, 1938) was the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) from 1981 to 2000 and is presently (2006) the leader of the Socialist Labour Party, a political party he founded in 1996.
Arthur, Beatrice10Beatrice Arthur (May 13, 1922 – April 25, 2009), sometimes credited as "Bea Arthur", was an American actress best remembered for her work in Maude and The Golden Girls.
Arthur, Chester A.11Chester A. Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was the 21st President of the United States, serving from 1881 to 1885, following the assassination of James A. Garfield.
Arthur, Timothy Shay3Timothy Shay Arthur (June 6, 1809 – March 6, 1885), known as T.S. Arthur, was a popular 19th-century American author. He is most famous for his temperance novel Ten Nights in a Bar-Room and What I Saw There (1854), which helped demonize alcohol in the eyes of the American public.
Arthur, W. Brian16William Brian Arthur (born 21 July 1946) is an economist, Emeritus Professor of Economics and Population Studies at Stanford University, external faculty member at the Santa Fe Institute, and a Visiting Researcher at the Intelligent Systems Lab at PARC. He is an authority on economics in relation to complexity theory, technology and financial markets, and is credited with influencing and describing the modern theory of increasing returns, and the invention of the El Farol Bar problem.
Arthur, William15William Arthur (February 3, 1819 – March 21, 1901) was a Wesleyan Methodist minister.
Artsimovich, Lev3Lev Andreevich Artsimovich (25 February 1909 – March 1, 1973) was a Russian physicist, who worked on the field of nuclear fusion and plasma physics.
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli3Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli (5 January 1920 – 12 June 1995) was an Italian classical pianist.
Arudou, Debito7Debito Arudou (有道 出人 Arudō Debito; born David Christopher Aldwinckle in 1965) is a naturalized Japanese citizen who is a teacher, author and activist.
Arundale, Rukmini Devi15Rukmini Devi Arundale (29 February 1904 – 24 February 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam, and also an activist for animal rights and welfare. She is considered the most important revivalist in the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam from its original 'sadhir' style, prevalent amongst the temple dancers, Devadasis. She was well known for her pioneering academy - the Kalakshetra in Chennai, India.
Aryabhata31Aryabhata (Sanskrit: आर्यभट; IAST: Āryabhaṭa) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was the first in the line of great mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya (499 CE, when he was 23 years old) and the Arya-siddhanta.
Asad, Muhammad36Muhammad Asad (2 July 1900 – 23 February 1992), born Leopold Weiss, was a journalist, traveler, writer, social critic, linguist, thinker, reformer, diplomat, political theorist, translator and scholar. Asad was one of the 20th century's most influential European Muslims.
Asch, Sholem2Sholem Asch (1 November 1880 – 10 July 1957), was a Polish-born American Jewish novelist, dramatist, and essayist in the Yiddish language.
Ascham, Roger2Roger Ascham (c. 1515 – December 23, 1568) was an English humanist scholar and a writer on education and archery. He is remembered as an advocate of plain English in literary works, and as the tutor of Princess Elizabeth.
Ascott, Roy5Roy Ascott (born 26 October 1934) is a British artist, who works with cybernetics and telematics, on an art which is technoetic, focusing on the impact of digital and telecommunications networks on consciousness.
Ash, Timothy Garton1Timothy Garton Ash CMG FRSA (born 12 July 1955) is a British historian, author and commentator. He is Professor of European Studies at Oxford University.
Ashbery, John7John Lawrence Ashbery (born July 28, 1927) is an American poet. He was also a prominent art critic. His art criticism has been collected in the 1989 volume Reported Sightings, Art Chronicles 1957-1987, edited by the poet David Bergman.
Ashby, W. Ross30W. Ross Ashby (September 6, 1903 – November 15, 1972) was an English psychiatrist and a pioneer in cybernetics and the study of complex systems.
Ashcroft, John]31John David Ashcroft (born 9 May 1942) was the 79th Attorney General of the United States; he is now a federal lobbyist.
Ashcroft, Richard9Richard Paul Ashcroft (born 11 September 1971 in Billinge Higher End, England) is an English musician, singer and songwriter. He was the lead singer and occasional guitarist of alternative rock band The Verve from their formation in 1990 until their split in 1999, and continues as a lead vocalist working with guitars and keyboards. He became a successful solo artist in his own right, releasing three UK top three solo albums. The Verve reformed in 2007 but again broke up by summer 2009. Ashcroft then founded a new band, RPA & The United Nations of Sound, and released a new album on 19 July 2010.
Ashdown, Paddy2Jeremy John Durham Ashdown, Baron Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon, GCMG, KBE, PC (born 27 February 1941), commonly known as Paddy Ashdown, is a British politician and former Royal Marine. He is a former Leader of the UK Liberal Democrat party and former High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2002-2006.
Ashe, Arthur3Arthur Robert Ashe, Jr. (10 July 1943 – 6 February 1993) was a prominent African American tennis player and an AIDS activist.
Ashford, Daisy15Margaret Mary Julia "Daisy" Ashford (7 April 1881 – 15 January 1972) was during her childhood a writer of fiction, but abandoned her literary career as a teenager. The Young Visiters, or, Mr. Salteena's Plan, written at the age of 9, is considered her masterpiece; its themes are true love and the immutability of class distinctions. The Young Visiters was published with the author’s original spelling and punctuation in 1919, and was adapted as a stage-play in 1920, as a musical in 1968, and as a TV film starring Jim Broadbent in 2003.
Ashjian, Scott13Jon Scott Ashjian (born 1964), commonly known as Scott Ashjian, was the candidate of the Tea Party of Nevada in the race for United States Senate in the 2010 Nevada general election. He resides in Las Vegas, Nevada, where he works as a businessman, paving contractor, and real estate investor, and is owner of an asphalt company. Ashjian filed his candidacy papers for the Tea Party, a registered minor party in Nevada, on March 2, 2010. Ashjian's U.S. Senate candidacy was challenged in court in April 2010, and Carson City, Nevada district judge James Todd Russell ruled that he could stay on the ballot. This decision was appealed, and the Nevada Supreme Court ruled in a unanimous decision on October 6, 2010 that Ashjian would remain on the November 2010 ballot for U.S. Senate.
Ashlag, Baruch8Baruch Shalom Ashlag (1907–1991), a.k.a. Rabash, was a great Kabbalist who continued developing the Kabbalistic teachings of his father, Rabbi Yehuda Ashlag, after his father's passing. The Bnei Baruch group, created by Rav Michael Laitman for the continuation of dissemination of the Teachers’ work, has been named after Rav Baruch Shalom Ashlag.
Ashlag, Yehuda33Yehuda Ashlag (4 October 1886 – 6 October 1954) was a Kabbalist who lived in Jerusalem from 1922 until his death in 1954, who received the name Baal HaSulam (The Master of the Ladder) for his Sulam commentary on The Zohar. He advanced while writing the commentaries, and published his primary work, Talmud Eser Sefirot (The Study of the Ten Sefirot), which is considered the predominant Kabbalistic study text for our generation. He worked as an Orthodox rabbi, and was born in Warsaw, Poland, to a family of scholars connected to the Chassidic courts of Prosov and Belz. His son Baruch (1907-1991) extended the teaching lineage by pursuing his work.
Ashleigh Brilliant32Ashleigh Ellwood Brilliant (born 9 December 1933) is an author and syndicated cartoonist born in London, UK, and living in Santa Barbara, California, USA. He is best known for his Pot-Shots, single-panel illustrations with one-line humorous remarks, which began syndication in the United States of America in 1975. Brilliant achieved American citizenship in 1969.
Ashley Montagu6Ashley Montagu (June 28, 1905 – November 26, 1999) was a British-American anthropologist and humanist who wrote about issues such as race and gender and their relation to politics and development.
Ashley, Maurice9Maurice Ashley (born 6 March 1966) is an American chess grandmaster, the first black grandmaster. In the October 2006 rating lists, he had a FIDE rating of 2465, and a USCF rating of 2520 at standard chess, and 2536 at quick chess.
Ashoka22Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक; IAST transliteration: Aśoka, 304 BCE – 232 BCE), known also as Piyadasi (Pali. Sanskrit:Priyadarśin – meaning 'good looking'), and Devanaŋpiya (Pali. Sanskrit:Devānāmpriya meaning 'beloved of the Gods'), was the emperor of the Mauryan Empire from 273 BCE to 232 BCE. After a number of military conquests, Ashoka reigned over most of South Asia and beyond, from present-day Afghanistan to Bengal and as far south as Mysore. An early supporter of Buddhism, Ashoka established monuments marking several significant sites in the life of Shakyamuni Buddha, and according to Buddhist tradition was closely involved in the preservation and transmission of Buddhism. The name "Ashoka" means "without sorrow" in Sanskrit. Asoka was the first ruler of ancient Bharatavarsha (India), after the famed Mahabharata rulers, to unify such a vast territory under his empire, which exceeds the boundaries of the present-day Republic of India.
Ashton, Dore1Dore Ashton (born in 1928, Newark, New Jersey) is an American writer, professor and critic of modern and contemporary art.
Ashurst, Henry Fountain10Henry Fountain Ashurst (September 13, 1874 – May 31, 1962) was a U.S. Senator from Arizona (1912–1941).
Asimov, Isaac119Isaac Asimov (c. 2 January 1920 – 6 April 1992) was a Russian - American author and biochemist.
Aspect, Alain2Alain Aspect (born June 15, 1947) is a French physicist who performed the crucial "Bell test experiments" that showed that Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen's "spooky action at a distance", did in fact appear to be realised when two particles were separated by an arbitrarily large distance. A correlation between their wave functions remained, as they were once part of the same wave-function that was not disturbed before one of the child particles was measured.
Asquith, H. H.2Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
Asquith, Margot15Emma Alice Margaret Asquith, Countess of Oxford & Asquith (2 February 1864 – 28 July 1945) was a Scottish-born socialite and author, married to the British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith.
Assa, Alberto2Alberto Assa (1909, Constantinople – 1996, Barranquilla) was an Ottoman educator, translator and humanist of Sephardi descent.
Assad, Bashar12Bashar al-Assad (born September 11, 1965) has been president of the Syrian Arab Republic since 2000.
Assad, Hafez5Hafez al-Assad (October 6 1930 – June 10 2000) was president of the Syrian Arab Republic from 1971 to 2000.
Assange, Julian30Julian Paul Assange (born 1971) is an Australian journalist, programmer and Internet activist, best known for his involvement with Wikileaks, a whistleblower website.
Asselineau, Francois1François Asselineau (born 14 September 1957) is a French inspector general and politician and the president of the Popular Republican Union (UPR) since 15 March 2007.
Assis, Joaquim Maria Machado de19Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis (June 21, 1839 – September 29, 1908) was a Brazilian writer most famous for his innovative novels and short stories, though he was also a poet, dramatist and translator. Generally acclaimed as the greatest figure in Brazilian literature, he founded the Brazilian Academy of Letters and served as its first president.
Astaire, Fred73Fred Astaire (1899–1987) was an American film and stage dancer, actor, singer and choreographer.
Astley, Jacob1Jacob Astley (1579 – February 1652) was a Royalist commander in the English Civil War.
Astley, Rick6Richard Paul Astley (born 6 February 1966) is an English singer, songwriter and musician.
Astor, Brooke4Brooke Astor (March 30, 1902 – August 13, 2007) was an American socialite and philanthropist who was the chairwoman of the Vincent Astor Foundation, which had been established by her third husband. She was also a novelist and wrote two volumes of memoirs.
Astor, John Jacob1John Jacob Astor (July 17, 1763 – March 29, 1848), originally either Johann Jakob or Johann Jacob, was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, making his fortune in the fur trade, real estate, and opium industries.
Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal31Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer and revolutionist statesman who was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey; known most of his life as Mustafa Kemal, he was given the name Atatürk by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in 1934.
Atchison, Tex3Shelby David "Tex" Atchison (5 February 1912 – 4 August 1982) was an American musician and songwriter.
Athavale, Pandurang Shastri2Pandurang Shastri Vaijnath Athavale (19 October 1920 – 25 October 2003), known as Dada (Gujarati: દાદા, Marathi: दादा), meaning elder brother in Marathi) was an Indian philosopher and social reformer who gave discourses upon the Hindu religious texts Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads.
Athenaeus5Athenaeus (Ancient Greek: Ἀθήναιος Nαυκράτιος, Athếnaios Naukratios; Latin: Athenaeus Naucratita), of Naucratis in Egypt, Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourished about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century A.D. Suidas only tells us that he lived in the times of Marcus; but the contempt with which he speaks of Commodus (died 192) shows that he survived that emperor.
Atkins, Peter4Peter William Atkins (born 10 August 1940) is a British chemist.
Atkyns, Robert8Sir Robert Atkyns KB KS (1621–1710) was an English Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Member of parliament, and Speaker of the House of Lords.
Atran, Scott19Scott Atran (born 1952) is an American and French anthropologist who is a Director of Research in Anthropology at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris, Senior Research Fellow at Oxford University in England, Presidential Scholar at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York, and also holds offices at the University of Michigan. He has studied and written about terrorism, violence and religion, and has done fieldwork with terrorists and Islamic fundamentalists, as well as political leaders.
Atta, Mohamed1Mohamed Mohamed el-Amir Awad el-Sayed Atta (September 1, 1968 – September 11, 2001) was an Egyptian hijacker and Islamic terrorist and one of the ringleaders of the September 11 attacks who served as the hijacker-pilot of American Airlines Flight 11, crashing the plane into the North Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the coordinated attacks.
Attali, Jacques1Jacques Attali (born 1 November 1943) is an economist and scholar. He was an advisor to French President François Mitterand.
Attar of Nishapur16Abū Hamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221); ابو حامد ابن ابوبکر ابراهیم, more famous by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn (فریدالدین) and ‘Attār (عطار - "the perfumer"), was a Persian Muslim poet, mystical philosopher, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism.
Attell, David38Dave Attell (born January 18, 1965, in Rockville Centre, New York) is a stand-up comedian.
Attenborough, David48Sir David Frederick Attenborough OM CH CVO CBE FRS (born 8 May 1926) is a pioneering British natural history filmmaker and writer.
Attila The Stockbroker11Attila the Stockbroker (born John Baine on October 21, 1957) is a punk performance poet, songwriter and musician.
Atwam, Abd al-Bari1Abdul Bari Atwan (born February 17, 1950) is the editor-in chief of the London-based Arabic newspaper Al-Quds Al-Arabi.
Atwater, Lee2Lee Atwater (February 27, 1951 – March 29, 1991) was an American political consultant and Republican party strategist. He was an advisor of 40th U.S. President Ronald Reagan, the campaign manager for 41st U.S. President George H. W. Bush, and Chairman of the Republican National Committee.
Atwood, Margaret85Margaret Eleanor Atwood (born 18 November 1939) is a Canadian novelist, poet, and literary critic.
Auber, Harriet2Harriet Auber (1773–1862) was an English poet and hymnist.
Aubigne, Jean-Henri Merle D'1Jean-Henri Merle d'Aubigné (16 August 1794 – 21 October 1872) was a Swiss Protestant minister and historian of the Reformation.
Aubrey, John20John Aubrey (March 12 1626 – June 7 1697) was an English biographer, natural philosopher, antiquary and folklorist. He is best known for his gossipy and uncritical Brief Lives, a collection of thumbnail biographical sketches.
Auden, W. H.116Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) was an Anglo-American poet noted for his vast poetic work in many forms on many themes.
Audubon, John James6John James Audubon (26 April 1785 – 27 January 1851), born Jean Rabin, also known as Jean-Jacques Audubon, was a French-American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter.
Auerbach, Red1Arnold "Red" Auerbach (September 20, 1917 – October 28, 2006) was a head basketball coach and a front office executive for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Augier, Emile3Guillaume Victor Émile Augier (17 September 1820 – 25 October 1889) was a French dramatist. He was the thirteenth member to occupy seat 1 of the Académie française on 31 March 1857.
August Macke1August Macke (January 3, 1887 – September 26, 1914) was one of the leading members of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider).
Augustine of Hippo161Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was a Christian theologian, rhetor, North African bishop, Doctor of the Catholic Church, saint, and a philosopher influenced in his early years by Manichaeism and the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus.
Augustus23Imperator Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus (23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14), born Gaius Octavius, was the adopted son of Julius Caesar and the first Roman Emperor. He also became a pontiff and later Pontifex Maximus.
Aulenti, Gae2Gae Aulenti (December 4, 1927 – October 31, 2012) was an Italian architect, lighting and interior designer, and industrial designer.
Aumann, Robert16Robert Aumann (born 1930, in Frankfurt,Germany) is an Israeli mathematician, Professor Emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, who won the 2005 Nobel Prize in Economics.
Aung San5Aung San (13 February 1915 – 19 July 1947) was a Burmese revolutionary, soldier, and statesman who is widely considered to be responsible for Burmese independence, even though he was assassinated six months before it was achieved. He is the father of Burmese pro-democracy figure Aung San Suu Kyi.
Aung San Suu Kyi86Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (born 19 June 1945) is a non-violent pro-democracy social activist of Myanmar; Winner of the 1990 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought and the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize.
Aurangzeb3Muhy-ud-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb Alamgir (4 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), more commonly known as Aurangzeb ("Jewel in the crown") or by his chosen imperial title Alamgir ("Conquerer of the World"), was the sixth Mughal Emperor, whose reign lasted from 1658 until his death in 1707.
Aurelius, Marcus236Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (26 April 121 – 17 March 180) was a Stoic philosopher, and Roman Emperor from 161 to his death in 180; born Marcus Annius Catilius Severus, at marriage he took the name Marcus Annius Verus. When named Emperor, he was given the name Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and afterwards became known as the last of the "Five Good Emperors".
Aurobindo, Sri182Sri Aurobindo born Aravinda Akroyd Ghose (15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950) was an Indian nationalist, scholar, poet, mystic, philosopher, yogi and guru, who developed concepts of human progress and spiritual evolution. With the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa, he founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram.
Ausonius13Decimus Magnus Ausonius (c. 310 – c. 395) was a Gallo-Roman poet, rhetorician and consul.
Austen, Jane119Jane Austen (December 16 1775 – July 18 1817) was an English novelist who recorded the domestic manners of the landed gentry. She is known for her classically understated style and sly, ironic humour.
Auster, Paul9Paul Auster (born February 3, 1947) is an American novelist, poet, scripwriter, essayist, and editor. He is best known for novels such as The New York Trilogy, Leviathan, Mr. Vertigo, and The Book of Illusions. Some of the themes explored by Auster include: coincidence, failure, absence of father, as well as American space and history.
Austin, Alfred8Alfred Austin (1835–1913) was an English poet laureate.
Austin, Benjamin Fish24Benjamin Fish Austin (10 September 1850 – 10 January 1933) was a nineteenth century Canadian educator, Methodist minister, and Spiritualist.
Austin, J. L.20John Langshaw Austin (March 28, 1911 – February 8, 1960) was an English philosopher of language and speech theorist, remembered primarily as the developer of the theory of speech acts.
Averroes20ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad bin ʾAḥmad bin Rušd (April 14, 1126 – December 10, 1198), known as Ibn Rushd, Latinized Averroës, was an Andalusian Muslim polymath, a master of Aristotelian philosophy, Islamic philosophy, Islamic theology, Maliki law and jurisprudence, logic, psychology, politics and Arabic music theory, and the sciences of medicine, astronomy, geography, mathematics, physics and celestial mechanics.
Avery Dulles1Avery Robert Dulles, S.J. (August 24, 1918 – December 12, 2008) was a Jesuit priest, theologian, cardinal of the Catholic Church and served as the Laurence J. McGinley Professor of Religion and Society at Fordham University from 1988 to 2008.
Avi1Edward Irving Wortis (born 23 December 1937), more widely known by his pen name Avi, is a prominent American author of young adult and children's literature. He is a winner of both the Newbery Honor and Newbery Medal.
Avicenna7Avicenna (Persian: ابن سینا (c. 980 in Balkh, Khorasan – 1037 in Hamedan), also known as Ibn Sīnā and commonly known in English by his Latinized name Avicenna (Greek Aβιτζιανός), was a Persian Muslim polymath and the foremost physician and philosopher of his time. He was also an astronomer, chemist, Hafiz, logician, mathematician, poet, psychologist, physicist, scientist, Sheikh, soldier, statesman and theologian.
Avital Ronell2Avital Ronell (born 1952) is an American philosopher who contributes to the fields of continental philosophy, literary studies, psychoanalysis, feminist philosophy, political philosophy, and ethics. She is a University Professor in the Humanities and in the Departments of Germanic Languages and Literature and Comparative Literature at New York University.
Avlon, John8John P. Avlon (born 1973) is senior political columnist for Newsweek and the Daily Beast as well as a CNN contributor.
Avram, Henriette7Henriette Davidson Avram (7 October 1919 – 22 April 2006) was a computer programmer and systems analyst who developed the MARC format (Machine Readable Cataloging), which is the national and international data standard for bibliographic and holdings information in libraries.
Aweys, Hassan1Sheikh Hassan Aweys (born circa 1935) is the leader of the Islamic Courts Union. Although he outwardly resigned in 2006, he still controls the sharia courts.
Axelrod, Alan5Alan Axelrod (born 1952) is an author of books in history, business and management.
Axelrod, Robert2Robert Marshall Axelrod (born May 27, 1943) is an American political scientist and Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at the University of Michigan, best known for his interdisciplinary work on the evolution of cooperation.
Axton, Hoyt21Hoyt Wayne Axton (25 March 1938 – 29 October 1999) was an American country music singer-songwriter, and a film and television actor.
Ayalon, Ami1Ami Ayalon (born 1945) is a former Israeli admiral and former Labour member of Israeli Knesset.
Ayckbourn, Alan6Sir Alan Ayckbourn CBE (born 12 April 1939) is one of England's most prolific and commercially successful comic playwrights.
Ayer, Alfred24Sir Alfred Jules Ayer (29 October 1910 – 27 June 1989), more often referred to as A. J. Ayer or Freddie Ayer, was a British humanist philosopher, who was one of the leading proponents of logical positivism.
Aykroyd, Dan7Daniel Edward "Dan" Aykroyd (born July 1, 1952) is a Canadian-American comedian, actor, screenwriter, musician, winemaker and ufologist. He was an original cast member of Saturday Night Live, an originator of The Blues Brothers (with John Belushi) and Ghostbusters and has had a long career as a film actor and screenwriter.
Ayres, Pam3Pam Ayres MBE (born 14 March 1947) is a British writer of humorous poetry.
Aytoun, W. E.1W. E. Aytoun (21 June 1813 – 1865) was a Scottish poet, humorist and writer.
Ayumi Hamasaki71Ayumi Hamasaki (born October 2, 1978) is a Japanese pop singer.
Azalea, Iggy3Amethyst Amelia Kelly (born 7 June 1990), better known by her stage name Iggy Azalea, is an Australian recording artist and model from Mullumbimby, New South Wales.
Azania, Malcolm41Malcolm Azania (born 1969), also known as Minister Faust, is a Canadian teacher, writer, community activist, radio host and political aspirant.
Azikiwe, Nnamdi7Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe (November 16, 1904 – May 11, 1996) was the President of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966. He was the first person to assume the office of the Nigerian Presidency.
Aziz, Tariq2Tariq Aziz (born 1936) was the Deputy Prime Minister (1981 and 1991-2002) of Iraq in 1981 and from 1991–2002.
Aznar, Jose Maria2José María Aznar López (born February 25, 1953) is a Spanish politician who served as the President of the Government of Spain from 1996 to 2004.
Azurmendi, Joxe5Joxe Azurmendi (born 19 March 1941) is a Basque writer, philosopher, essayist and poet.
Azzam the American1Azzam the American (born 1978) is an American member of Al Qaeda.
Azzam, Abdullah1Sheikh Abdullah Azzam (1941–1989) was a prominent Islamic cleric.
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