PSALM 40:12

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what Psalm 40:12 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.”

Medium popularity: 140 searches a month
Popularity relative to other verses in Psalm chapter 40 using average monthly Google searches.

Psalm 40:12 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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For כִּ֤י (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed For
innumerable מִסְפָּ֗ר A number, definite (arithmetical) or indefinite (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration innumerable
evils רָע֡וֹת Bad or (as noun) evil (natural or moral) evils
have compassed אָפְפ֥וּ To surround compassed
me about: עָלַ֨י׀ Above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications about
mine iniquities עֲ֭וֺנֹתַי Perversity, i.e., (moral) evil iniquities
have taken hold הִשִּׂיג֣וּנִי To reach (literally or figuratively) taken hold
upon me, so that I am not וְלֹא Not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles upon am not
able יָכֹ֣לְתִּי To be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might) able
to look up; לִרְא֑וֹת To see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative) look up
they are more עָצְמ֥וּ To bind fast, i.e., close (the eyes); intransitively, to be (causatively, make) powerful or numerous; to crunch the bones are more
than the hairs מִשַּֽׂעֲר֥וֹת Hairiness than hairs
of mine head: רֹ֝אשִׁ֗י The head (as most easily shaken), whether literal or figurative (in many applications, of place, time, rank, itc.) head
therefore my heart וְלִבִּ֥י The heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the center of anything therefore heart
faileth עֲזָבָֽנִי׃ To loosen, i.e., relinquish, permit, etc faileth
me. עֲזָבָֽנִי׃ To loosen, i.e., relinquish, permit, etc me

Verse Context

See Psalm 40:12 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 10  I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation.

  • 11  Withhold not thou thy tender mercies from me, O Lord: let thy lovingkindness and thy truth continually preserve me.

  • 12  For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.

  • 13  Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me: O Lord, make haste to help me.

  • 14  Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame that wish me evil.



Psalms Wikipedia Article


Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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