To get what Matthew 4:18 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.”

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Matthew 4:18 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Greek Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Greek word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
Use the buttons below to get details on the Greek word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word.
And δὲ But, and, etc And
Jesus, Ἰησοῦς Jesus (i.e., Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites Jesus
walking Περιπατῶν To tread all around, i.e., walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively, to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary) walking
by παρὰ Properly, near; i.e., (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local (especially beyond or opposed to) or causal (on account of) by
the τὴν The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
sea θάλασσαν The sea (genitive case or specially) sea
of Galilee, Γαλιλαίας Galilaea (i.e., the heathen circle), a region of Palestine Galilee
saw εἶδεν Used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent G3700 and G3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know saw
two δύο "two" two
brethren, ἀδελφούς, A brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like G0001) brethren
Simon Σίμωνα Simon (i.e., Shimon), the name of nine Israelites Simon
called λεγόμενον Properly, to "lay" forth, i.e., (figuratively) relate (in words (usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue)); by implication, to mean called
Peter, Πέτρον A (piece of) rock (larger than G3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle Peter
and καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words and
Andrew Ἀνδρέαν Manly; Andreas, an Israelite Andrew
his αὐτοῦ The reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons his
brother, ἀδελφὸν A brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like G0001) brother
casting βάλλοντας To throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense) casting
a net ἀμφίβληστρον A (fishing) net (as thrown about the fish) net
into εἰς To or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases into
the τὴν The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
sea: θάλασσαν· The sea (genitive case or specially) sea
for γὰρ Properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles) for
they were ἦσαν I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were) they were
fishers. ἁλιεῖς A sailor (as engaged on the salt water), i.e., (by implication) a fisher fishers

Verse Context

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  • 16  The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

  • 17  From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

  • 18  And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.

  • 19  And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.

  • 20  And they straightway left their nets, and followed him.


The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database ( within the BibleForge project ( Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.

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