MATTHEW 21:23

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what Matthew 21:23 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?”

Medium popularity: 170 searches a month
Popularity relative to other verses in Matthew chapter 21 using average monthly Google searches.

Matthew 21:23 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Greek Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Greek word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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And Καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words And
when was ἐλθόντι To come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively) when was
he αὐτῷ The reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons he
come ἐλθόντι To come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively) come
into εἰς To or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases into
the τὸ The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
temple, ἱερὸν A sacred place, i.e., the entire precincts (whereas G3485 denotes the central sanctuary itself) of the Temple (at Jerusalem or elsewhere) temple
the οἱ The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
chief priests ἀρχιερεῖς The high-priest (literally, of the Jews; typically, Christ); by extension a chief priest chief priests
and καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words and
the οἱ The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
elders πρεσβύτεροι Older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian "presbyter" elders
of λαοῦ A people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace) of
the τοῦ The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
people λαοῦ A people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace) people
came προσῆλθον To approach, i.e., (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to came
unto him αὐτῷ The reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons unto him
as he was teaching, διδάσκοντι To teach (in the same broad application) teaching
and said, λέγοντες Properly, to "lay" forth, i.e., (figuratively) relate (in words (usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue)); by implication, to mean said
By Ἐν "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc By
what ποίᾳ Individualizing interrogative (of character) what sort of, or (of number) which one what
authority ἐξουσίᾳ Privilege, i.e., (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence authority
doest ποιεῖς To make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct) doest
thou ποιεῖς To make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct) thou
these things? ταῦτα These things these things
and καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words and
who τίς An interrogative pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions) who
gave ἔδωκεν To give (used in a very wide application, properly, or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection) gave
thee σοι To thee thee
this ταύτην The he (she or it), i.e., this or that (often with article repeated) this
authority? ἐξουσίαν Privilege, i.e., (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence authority

Verse Context

See Matthew 21:23 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 21  Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.

  • 22  And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.

  • 23  And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?

  • 24  And Jesus answered and said unto them, I also will ask you one thing, which if ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority I do these things.

  • 25  The baptism of John, whence was it? from heaven, or of men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why did ye not then believe him?




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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