MATTHEW 20:23

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

WORDS OF JESUS IN RED

To get what Matthew 20:23 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.

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Popularity relative to other verses in Matthew chapter 20 using average monthly Google searches.

Matthew 20:23 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Greek Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Greek word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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And καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words And
he saith λέγει Properly, to "lay" forth, i.e., (figuratively) relate (in words (usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue)); by implication, to mean saith
unto them, αὐτοῖς The reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons unto them
Ye shall drink πίεσθε To imbibe (literally or figuratively) drink
indeed μὲν Properly, indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.) indeed
of ποτήριόν A drinking-vessel; by extension, the contents thereof, i.e., a cupful (draught); figuratively, a lot or fate of
my μου Of me my
cup, ποτήριόν A drinking-vessel; by extension, the contents thereof, i.e., a cupful (draught); figuratively, a lot or fate cup
and καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words and
be baptized βαπτισθήσεσθε· To immerse, submerge; to make whelmed (i.e., fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism baptized
with βάπτισμα Baptism (technically or figuratively) with
the τὸ The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
baptism βάπτισμα Baptism (technically or figuratively) baptism
that The relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that that
I ἐγὼ I, me I
am baptized with: βαπτίζομαι To immerse, submerge; to make whelmed (i.e., fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism am baptized
but δὲ But, and, etc but
to sit καθίσαι To seat down, i.e., set (figuratively, appoint); intransitively, to sit (down); figuratively, to settle (hover, dwell) sit
on ἐκ A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause literal or figurative; direct or remote) on
my μου Of me my
right hand, δεξιῶν The right side or (feminine) hand (as that which usually takes) right hand
and καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words and
on ἐξ A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause literal or figurative; direct or remote) on
my μου Of me my
left, εὐωνύμων Properly, well-named (good-omened), i.e., the left (which was the lucky side among the pagan Greeks); neuter as adverbial, at the left hand left
is ἔστιν He (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are is
not οὐκ The absolute negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not not
mine ἐμὸν My mine
to give, δοῦναι To give (used in a very wide application, properly, or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection) give
but ἀλλ' Properly, other things, i.e., (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations) but
it shall be given to them (No Greek definition. English implied.)
for whom οἷς The relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that for whom
it is prepared ἡτοίμασται To prepare prepared
of ὑπὸ Under, i.e., (with the genitive case) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative case) of place (whither (underneath) or where (below) or time (when (at)) of
my μου Of me my
Father. πατρός A "father" (literally or figuratively, near or more remote) Father

Verse Context

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  • 21  And he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom.

  • 22  But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.

  • 23  And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.

  • 24  And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.

  • 25  But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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