To get what Judges 7:16 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.”

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Judges 7:16 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
Use the buttons below to get details on the Hebrew word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word.
And he divided וַיַּ֛חַץ To cut or split in two; to halve divided
the three שְׁלֹשׁ Three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiple) thrice three
hundred מֵא֥וֹת A hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction hundred
men הָאִ֖ישׁ A man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation) men
into (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
three שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה Three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiple) thrice three
companies, רָאשִׁ֑ים The head (as most easily shaken), whether literal or figurative (in many applications, of place, time, rank, itc.) companies
and he put וַיִּתֵּ֨ן To give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.) put
a trumpet שֽׁוֹפָר֤וֹת A cornet (as giving a clear sound) or curved horn trumpet
in every man's כֻּלָּם֙ Properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense) every mans
hand, בְּיַד A hand (the open one [indicating power, means, direction, etc.], in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote [as follows] hand
with empty רֵיקִ֔ים Empty; figuratively, worthless empty
pitchers, וְכַדִּ֣ים Properly, a pail; but generally of earthenware; a jar for domestic purposes pitchers
and lamps וְלַפִּדִ֖ים A flambeau, lamp or flame lamps
within בְּת֥וֹךְ A bisection, i.e., (by implication) the center within
the pitchers. הַכַּדִּֽים׃ Properly, a pail; but generally of earthenware; a jar for domestic purposes pitchers

Verse Context

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  • 14  And his fellow answered and said, This is nothing else save the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel: for into his hand hath God delivered Midian, and all the host.

  • 15  And it was so, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream, and the interpretation thereof, that he worshipped, and returned into the host of Israel, and said, Arise; for the Lord hath delivered into your hand the host of Midian.

  • 16  And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

  • 17  And he said unto them, Look on me, and do likewise: and, behold, when I come to the outside of the camp, it shall be that, as I do, so shall ye do.

  • 18  When I blow with a trumpet, I and all that are with me, then blow ye the trumpets also on every side of all the camp, and say, The sword of the Lord, and of Gideon.


The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.

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