JOSHUA 20:9

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what Joshua 20:9 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them, that whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation.”

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Joshua 20:9 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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These אֵ֣לֶּה These or those These
were הָיוּ֩ To exist, i.e., be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary) were
the cities עָרֵ֨י A city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post) cities
appointed הַמּֽוּעָדָ֜ה An appointed place, i.e., asylum appointed
for all לְכֹ֣ל׀ Properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense) all
the children בְּנֵ֣י A son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like father or brother), etc.) children
of Israel, יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל He will rule as God; Jisraël, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity Israel
and for the stranger וְלַגֵּר֙ Properly, a guest; by implication, a foreigner stranger
that sojourneth הַגָּ֣ר Properly, to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), i.e., sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid) sojourneth
among בְּתוֹכָ֔ם A bisection, i.e., (by implication) the center among
them, that whosoever כָּל Properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense) whosoever
killeth מַכֵּה To strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively) killeth
any (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
person נֶ֖פֶשׁ Properly, a breathing creature, i.e., animal of (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental) person
at unawares בִּשְׁגָגָ֑ה A mistake or inadvertent transgression unawares
might flee לָנ֣וּס To flit, i.e., vanish away (subside, escape; causatively, chase, impel, deliver) might flee
thither, שָׁ֔מָּה There (transferring to time) then; often thither, or thence thither
and not וְלֹ֣א Not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles not
die יָמ֗וּת To die (literally or figuratively); causatively, to kill die
by the hand בְּיַד֙ A hand (the open one [indicating power, means, direction, etc.], in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote [as follows] hand
of the avenger גֹּאֵ֣ל To redeem (according to the Middle Eastern law of kinship), i.e., to be the next of kin (and as such to buy back a relative's property, marry his widow, etc.) avenger
of blood, הַדָּ֔ם Blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy, the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (i.e., drops of blood) blood
until עַד As far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with) until
he stood עָמְד֖וֹ To stand, in various relations (literal and figurative, intransitive and transitive) stood
before לִפְנֵ֥י The face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.) before
the congregation. הָֽעֵדָֽה׃ A stated assemblage (specifically, a concourse, or generally, a family or crowd) congregation

Verse Context

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  • 7  And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and Kirjath-arba, which is Hebron, in the mountain of Judah.

  • 8  And on the other side Jordan by Jericho eastward, they assigned Bezer in the wilderness upon the plain out of the tribe of Reuben, and Ramoth in Gilead out of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan out of the tribe of Manasseh.

  • 9  These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them, that whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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