JOHN 12:34

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what John 12:34 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?”

Medium popularity: 90 searches a month
Popularity relative to other verses in John chapter 12 using average monthly Google searches.

John 12:34 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Greek Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Greek word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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Use the buttons below to get details on the Greek word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word.
The The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) The
people ὄχλος A throng (as borne along); by implication, the rabble; by extension, a class of people; figuratively, a riot people
answered ἀπεκρίθη To conclude for oneself, i.e., (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare H6030) to begin to speak (where an address is expected) answered
him, αὐτῷ The reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons him
We Ἡμεῖς We (only used when emphatic) We
have heard ἠκούσαμεν To hear (in various senses) heard
out ἐκ A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause literal or figurative; direct or remote) out
of νόμου Law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), genitive case (regulation), specially, (of Moses (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle) of
the The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) the
law νόμου Law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), genitive case (regulation), specially, (of Moses (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle) law
that ὅτι Demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because that
Christ Χριστὸς Anointed, i.e., the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus Christ
abideth μένει To stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy) abideth
for εἰς To or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases for
ever: αἰῶνα Properly, an age; by extension, perpetuity (also past); by implication, the world; specially (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future) ever
and καὶ And, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words and
how πῶς An interrogative particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much! how
sayest λέγεις Properly, to "lay" forth, i.e., (figuratively) relate (in words (usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue)); by implication, to mean sayest
thou, σὺ Thou thou
The τὸν The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) The
Son υἱὸν A "son" (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship Son
of ἀνθρώπου Man-faced, i.e., a human being of
man ἀνθρώπου Man-faced, i.e., a human being man
must δεῖ Also deon deh-on'; neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is (was, etc.) necessary (as binding) must
be lifted up? ὑψωθῆναι To elevate (literally or figuratively) lifted up
who τίς An interrogative pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions) who
is ἐστιν He (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are is
this οὗτος The he (she or it), i.e., this or that (often with article repeated) this
Son υἱὸς A "son" (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship Son
of τοῦ The (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) of
man? ἀνθρώπου Man-faced, i.e., a human being man

Verse Context

See John 12:34 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 32  And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.

  • 33  This he said, signifying what death he should die.

  • 34  The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?

  • 35  Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.

  • 36  While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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