ISAIAH 61:3

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what Isaiah 61:3 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified.”

Very high popularity: 2,900 searches a month
Popularity relative to other verses in Isaiah chapter 61 using average monthly Google searches.

Isaiah 61:3 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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To appoint לָשׂ֣וּם׀ To put (used in a great variety of applications, literal, figurative, inferentially, and elliptically) appoint
unto them that mourn לַאֲבֵלֵ֣י Lamenting mourn
in Zion, צִיּ֗וֹן Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem Zion
to give לָתֵת֩ To give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.) give
unto them beauty פְּאֵ֜ר An embellishment, i.e., fancy head-dress beauty
for תַּ֣חַת The bottom (as depressed); only adverbially, below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc for
ashes, אֵ֗פֶר Ashes ashes
the oil שֶׁ֤מֶן Grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively, richness oil
of joy שָׂשׂוֹן֙ Cheerfulness; specifically, welcome joy
for תַּ֣חַת The bottom (as depressed); only adverbially, below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc for
mourning, אֵ֔בֶל Lamentation mourning
the garment מַעֲטֵ֣ה A vestment garment
of praise תְהִלָּ֔ה Laudation; specifically (concretely) a hymn praise
for תַּ֖חַת The bottom (as depressed); only adverbially, below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc for
the spirit ר֣וּחַ Wind; by resemblance breath, i.e., a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively, life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension, a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions) spirit
of heaviness; כֵּהָ֑ה Feeble, obscure heaviness
that they might be called וְקֹרָ֤א To call out to (i.e., properly, address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications) might called
trees אֵילֵ֣י Properly, strength; hence, anything strong; specifically a ram (from his strength) trees
of righteousness, הַצֶּ֔דֶק The right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity righteousness
the planting מַטַּ֥ע Something planted, i.e., the place (a garden or vineyard), or the thing (a plant, figuratively or men); by implication, the act, planting planting
of the Lord, יְהוָ֖ה (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God Lord
that he might be glorified. לְהִתְפָּאֵֽר׃ To gleam, i.e., (causatively) embellish; figuratively, to boast; also to explain (i.e., make clear) oneself; to shake a tree might glorified

Verse Context

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  • 1  The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

  • 2  To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

  • 3  To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified.

  • 4  And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations.

  • 5  And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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