GENESIS 42:38

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what Genesis 42:38 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.”

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Popularity relative to other verses in Genesis chapter 42 using average monthly Google searches.

Genesis 42:38 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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And he said, וַיֹּ֕אמֶר To say (used with great latitude) said
My son בְּנִ֖י A son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like father or brother), etc.) son
shall not לֹֽא Not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles not
go down יֵרֵ֥ד To descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications) go down
with עִמָּכֶ֑ם Adverb or preposition, with (i.e., in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically, equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English) with
you; for כִּֽי (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed you for
his brother אָחִ֨יו A brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance [like H0001]) brother
is dead, מֵ֜ת To die (literally or figuratively); causatively, to kill dead
and he וְה֧וּא He (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are and he
is left נִשְׁאָ֗ר Properly, to swell up, i.e., be (causatively, make) redundant left
alone: לְבַדּ֣וֹ Properly, separation; by implication, a part of the body, branch of a tree, bar for carrying; figuratively, chief of a city; especially (with prepositional prefix) as an adverb, apart, only, besides alone
if mischief אָסוֹן֙ Hurt if mischief
befall וּקְרָאָ֤הוּ To encounter, whether accidentally or in a hostile manner befall
him by the way בַּדֶּ֙רֶךְ֙ A road (as trodden); figuratively, a course of life or mode of action, often adverb way
in the which אֲשֶׁ֣ר Who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc in the which
ye go, תֵּֽלְכוּ To walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively) go
then shall ye bring down וְהֽוֹרַדְתֶּ֧ם To descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications) then bring down
my gray hairs שֵֽׂיבָתִ֛י Old age gray hairs
with sorrow בְּיָג֖וֹן Affliction sorrow
to the grave. שְׁאֽוֹלָה׃ Hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranean retreat), including its accessories and inmates grave

Verse Context

See Genesis 42:38 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 36  And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me.

  • 37  And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again.

  • 38  And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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