To get what Genesis 42:33 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your households, and be gone:”

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Popularity relative to other verses in Genesis chapter 42 using average monthly Google searches.

Genesis 42:33 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
Use the buttons below to get details on the Hebrew word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word.
And the man, הָאִישׁ֙ A man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation) man
the lord אֲדֹנֵ֣י Sovereign, i.e., controller (human or divine) lord
of the country, הָאָ֔רֶץ The earth (at large, or partitively a land) country
said וַיֹּ֣אמֶר To say (used with great latitude) said
unto אֵלֵ֗ינוּ Near, with or among; often in general, to unto
us, Hereby בְּזֹ֣את This (often used adverb) Hereby
shall I know אֵדַ֔ע To know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.) know
that כִּ֥י (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed that
ye אַתֶּ֑ם Thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you ye
are (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
true כֵנִ֖ים Properly, set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjunction) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles) true
men; (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
leave הַנִּ֣יחוּ To deposit; by implication, to allow to stay leave
one הָֽאֶחָד֙ Properly, united, i.e., one; or (as an ordinal) first one
of your brethren אֲחִיכֶ֤ם A brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance [like H0001]) brethren
here (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
with אִתִּ֔י Properly, nearness (used only as a preposition or an adverb), near; hence, generally, with, by, at, among, etc with
me, and take קְח֥וּ To take (in the widest variety of applications) take
food for (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
the famine רַֽעֲב֥וֹן Famine famine
of your households, בָּֽתֵּיכֶ֖ם A house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.) households
and be gone: וָלֵֽכוּ׃ To walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively) gone

Verse Context

See Genesis 42:33 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 31  And we said unto him, We are true men; we are no spies:

  • 32  We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.

  • 33  And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your households, and be gone:

  • 34  And bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true men: so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land.

  • 35  And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.


The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database ( within the BibleForge project ( Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.

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