GENESIS 42:21

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what Genesis 42:21 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.”

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Popularity relative to other verses in Genesis chapter 42 using average monthly Google searches.

Genesis 42:21 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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And they said וַיֹּֽאמְר֞וּ To say (used with great latitude) said
one אִ֣ישׁ A man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation) one
to אֶל Near, with or among; often in general, to to
another, אָחִ֗יו A brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance [like H0001]) another
We אֲנַחְנוּ֮ We We
are (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
verily אֲבָל֮ Nay, i.e., truly or yet verily
guilty אֲשֵׁמִ֣ים׀ Guilty; hence, presenting a sin-offering guilty
concerning עַל Above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications concerning
our brother, אָחִינוּ֒ A brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance [like H0001]) brother
in that אֲשֶׁ֨ר Who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc in that
we saw רָאִ֜ינוּ To see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative) saw
the anguish צָרַ֥ת Tightness (i.e., figuratively, trouble) anguish
of his soul, נַפְשׁ֛וֹ Properly, a breathing creature, i.e., animal of (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental) soul
when he besought בְּהִתְחַֽנְנ֥וֹ Properly, to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (i.e., move to favor by petition) besought
us, and we would not וְלֹ֣א Not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles would not
hear; שָׁמָ֑עְנוּ To hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.) hear
therefore כֵּן֙ Properly, set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjunction) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles) therefore
is this הַזֹּֽאת׃ This (often used adverb) is this
distress הַצָּרָ֖ה Tightness (i.e., figuratively, trouble) distress
come בָּ֣אָה To go or come (in a wide variety of applications) come
upon אֵלֵ֔ינוּ Near, with or among; often in general, to upon
us. אֵלֵ֔ינוּ Near, with or among; often in general, to us

Verse Context

See Genesis 42:21 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 19  If ye be true men, let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses:

  • 20  But bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.

  • 21  And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.

  • 22  And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.

  • 23  And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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