EXODUS 31:14

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what Exodus 31:14 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.”

Medium popularity: 170 searches a month
Popularity relative to other verses in Exodus chapter 31 using average monthly Google searches.

Exodus 31:14 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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Ye shall keep וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֙ Properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e., guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc keep
the sabbath הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת Intermission, i.e (specifically) the Sabbath sabbath
therefore; for כִּ֛י (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed therefore
it הִ֖וא He (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are it
is (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
holy קֹ֥דֶשׁ A sacred place or thing; rarely abstract, sanctity holy
unto you: every one that defileth מְחַֽלְלֶ֙יהָ֙ Properly, to bore, i.e., (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively, to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an 'opening wedge'); to play (the flute) every one defileth
it shall surely מ֣וֹת To die (literally or figuratively); causatively, to kill surely
be put to death: יוּמָ֔ת To die (literally or figuratively); causatively, to kill put death
for כִּ֗י (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed for
whosoever כָּל Properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense) whosoever
doeth הָֽעֹשֶׂ֥ה To do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application doeth
any (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
work מְלָאכָ֔ה Properly, deputyship, i.e., ministry; generally, employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor) work
therein, that הַהִ֖וא He (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are therein
soul הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ Properly, a breathing creature, i.e., animal of (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental) soul
shall be cut off וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה To cut (off, down or asunder); by implication, to destroy or consume; specifically, to covenant (i.e., make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces) cut off
from among מִקֶּ֥רֶב Properly, the nearest part, i.e., the center, whether literal, figurative or adverbial (especially with preposition) among
his people. עַמֶּֽיהָ׃ A people (as a congregated unit); specifically, a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively, a flock people

Verse Context

See Exodus 31:14 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 12  And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

  • 13  Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify you.

  • 14  Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

  • 15  Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.

  • 16  Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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