To get what Deuteronomy 32:30 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the Lord had shut them up?”

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Popularity relative to other verses in Deuteronomy chapter 32 using average monthly Google searches.

Deuteronomy 32:30 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
Use the buttons below to get details on the Hebrew word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word.
How אֵיכָ֞ה How? or how!; also where How
should one אֶחָד֙ Properly, united, i.e., one; or (as an ordinal) first should one
chase יִרְדֹּ֤ף To run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively [of time] gone by) chase
a thousand, אֶ֔לֶף Hence (the ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand thousand
and two וּשְׁנַ֖יִם Two; also (as ordinal) twofold two
put ten thousand רְבָבָ֑ה Abundance (in number), i.e., (specifically) a myriad (whether definite or indefinite) put ten thousand
to flight, יָנִ֣יסוּ To flit, i.e., vanish away (subside, escape; causatively, chase, impel, deliver) flight
except לֹא֙ Not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles except
their Rock צוּרָ֣ם Properly, a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally, a rock or boulder; figuratively, a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous) Rock
had sold מְכָרָ֔ם To sell, literally (as merchandise, a daughter in marriage, into slavery), or figuratively (to surrender) sold
them, כִּֽי (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed them
and the Lord וַֽיהוָ֖ה (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God Lord
had shut them up? הִסְגִּירָֽם׃ To shut up; figuratively, to surrender shut up

Verse Context

See Deuteronomy 32:30 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 28  For they are a nation void of counsel, neither is there any understanding in them.

  • 29  O that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their latter end!

  • 30  How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the Lord had shut them up?

  • 31  For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges.

  • 32  For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter:


The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database ( within the BibleForge project ( Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.

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