2 SAMUEL 23:8



To get what 2 Samuel 23:8 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.”

Medium popularity: 140 searches a month
Popularity relative to other verses in 2 Samuel chapter 23 using average monthly Google searches.

2 Samuel 23:8 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
Use the buttons below to get details on the Hebrew word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word.
These אֵ֛לֶּה These or those These
be (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
the names שְׁמ֥וֹת An appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character names
of the mighty men הַגִּבֹּרִ֖ים Powerful; by implication, warrior, tyrant mighty men
whom אֲשֶׁ֣ר Who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc whom
David לְדָוִ֑ד David, the youngest son of Jesse David
had: The Tachmonite תַּחְכְּמֹנִ֣י׀ Tachkemoni, an Israelite Tachmonite
that sat יֹשֵׁ֨ב Properly, to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry sat
in the seat, בַּשֶּׁ֜בֶת Properly, session; but used also concretely, an abode or locality seat
chief רֹ֣אשׁ The head (as most easily shaken), whether literal or figurative (in many applications, of place, time, rank, itc.) chief
among the captains; הַשָּֽׁלִשִׁ֗י A triple, i.e., (as an indefinite, great quantity) a three-fold measure (perhaps a treble ephah) among captains
the same ה֚וּא He (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are same
was (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
Adino עֲדִינ֣וֹ His spear Adino
the Eznite: הָֽעֶצְנִ֔ו A spear Eznite
he lift up his spear (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
against עַל Above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications against
eight שְׁמֹנֶ֥ה A cardinal number, eight (as if a surplus above the 'perfect' seven); also (as ordinal) eighth eight
hundred, מֵא֛וֹת A hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction hundred
whom he slew חָלָ֖ל Pierced (especially to death) slew
at one אֶחָֽד׃ Properly, united, i.e., one; or (as an ordinal) first one
time. בְּפַ֥עַם A stroke, literally or figuratively (in various applications, as follow) time

Verse Context

See 2 Samuel 23:8 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 6  But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:

  • 7  But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

  • 8  These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

  • 9  And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

  • 10  He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the Lord wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.


The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.

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