2 SAMUEL 23:13



To get what 2 Samuel 23:13 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.”

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Popularity relative to other verses in 2 Samuel chapter 23 using average monthly Google searches.

2 Samuel 23:13 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
Use the buttons below to get details on the Hebrew word and view related Bible verses that use the same root word.
And three שְׁלֹשָׁ֜ים Three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiple) thrice three
of the thirty מֵֽהַשְּׁלֹשִׁ֣ים Thirty; or (ordinal) thirtieth thirty
chief רֹ֗אשׁ The head (as most easily shaken), whether literal or figurative (in many applications, of place, time, rank, itc.) chief
went down, וַיֵּֽרְד֨וּ To descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications) down
and came וַיָּבֹ֤אוּ To go or come (in a wide variety of applications) came
to אֶל Near, with or among; often in general, to to
David דָּוִ֔ד David, the youngest son of Jesse David
in אֶל Near, with or among; often in general, to in
the harvest time קָצִיר֙ Severed, i.e., harvest (as reaped), the crop, the time, the reaper, or figuratively harvest time
unto אֶל Near, with or among; often in general, to unto
the cave מְעָרַ֖ת A cavern (as dark) cave
of Adullam: עֲדֻלָּ֑ם Adullam, a place in Palestine Adullam
and the troop וְחַיַּ֣ת Alive; hence, raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively troop
of the Philistines פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים A Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth Philistines
pitched חֹנָ֖ה Properly, to incline; by implication, to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically, to pitch a tent; generally to encamp (for abode or siege) pitched
in the valley בְּעֵ֥מֶק A vale (i.e., broad depression) valley
of Rephaim. רְפָאִֽים׃ A giant Rephaim

Verse Context

See 2 Samuel 23:13 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 11  And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines.

  • 12  But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the Lord wrought a great victory.

  • 13  And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.

  • 14  And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

  • 15  And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!


The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.

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