2 SAMUEL 23:10

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what 2 Samuel 23:10 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the Lord wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.”

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Popularity relative to other verses in 2 Samuel chapter 23 using average monthly Google searches.

2 Samuel 23:10 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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He ה֣וּא He (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are He
arose, קָם֩ To rise (in various applications, literal, figurative, intensive and causative) arose
and smote וַיַּ֨ךְ To strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively) smote
the Philistines בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּ֜ים A Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth Philistines
until כִּֽי (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed until
his hand יָד֗וֹ A hand (the open one [indicating power, means, direction, etc.], in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote [as follows] hand
was weary, יָגְעָ֣ה Properly, to gasp; hence, to be exhausted, to tire, to toil weary
and his hand יָדוֹ֙ A hand (the open one [indicating power, means, direction, etc.], in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote [as follows] hand
clave וַתִּדְבַּ֤ק Properly, to impinge, i.e., cling or adhere; figuratively, to catch by pursuit clave
unto אֶל Near, with or among; often in general, to unto
the sword: הַחֶ֔רֶב Drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement sword
and the Lord יְהוָ֛ה (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God Lord
wrought וַיַּ֧עַשׂ To do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application wrought
a great גְדוֹלָ֖ה Great (in any sense); hence, older; also insolent great
victory תְּשׁוּעָ֥ה Rescue (literal or figurative, persons, national or spiritual) victory
that הַה֑וּא He (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are that
day; בַּיּ֣וֹם A day (as the warm hours), whether literal (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figurative (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverb) day
and the people וְהָעָ֛ם A people (as a congregated unit); specifically, a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively, a flock people
returned יָשֻׁ֥בוּ To turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbial, again returned
after אַֽחֲרָ֖יו Properly, the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjunction, after (in various senses) after
him only אַךְ A particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only only
to spoil. לְפַשֵּֽׁט׃ To spread out (i.e., deploy in hostile array); by analogy, to strip (i.e., unclothe, plunder, flay, etc.) spoil

Verse Context

See 2 Samuel 23:10 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 8  These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

  • 9  And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

  • 10  He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the Lord wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

  • 11  And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines.

  • 12  But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the Lord wrought a great victory.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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