1 SAMUEL 17:45

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what 1 Samuel 17:45 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.”

High popularity: 720 searches a month
Popularity relative to other verses in 1 Samuel chapter 17 using average monthly Google searches.

1 Samuel 17:45 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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Then said וַיֹּ֤אמֶר To say (used with great latitude) Then said
David דָּוִד֙ David, the youngest son of Jesse David
to אֶל Near, with or among; often in general, to to
the Philistine, הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֔י A Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth Philistine
Thou אַתָּה֙ Thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you Thou
comest בָּ֣א To go or come (in a wide variety of applications) comest
to אֵלַ֔י Near, with or among; often in general, to to
me with a sword, בְּחֶ֖רֶב Drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement sword
and with a spear, וּבַֽחֲנִ֣ית A lance (for thrusting, like pitching a tent) spear
and with a shield: וּבְכִיד֑וֹן Properly, something to strike with, i.e., a dart shield
but I וְאָֽנֹכִ֣י I but I
come בָֽא To go or come (in a wide variety of applications) come
to אֵלֶ֗יךָ Near, with or among; often in general, to to
thee in the name בְּשֵׁם֙ An appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character name
of the Lord יְהוָ֣ה (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God Lord
of hosts, צְבָא֔וֹת A mass of persons (or figuratively, things), especially reg. organized for war (an army); by implication, a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically, hardship, worship) hosts
the God אֱלֹהֵ֛י Gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative God
of the armies מַֽעַרְכ֥וֹת An arrangement; concretely, a pile; specifically a military array armies
of Israel, יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל He will rule as God; Jisraël, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity Israel
whom אֲשֶׁ֥ר Who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc whom
thou hast defied. חֵרַֽפְתָּ׃ To pull off, i.e., (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically, to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively, to carp at, i.e., defame; to spend the winter defied

Verse Context

See 1 Samuel 17:45 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 43  And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.

  • 44  And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.

  • 45  Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.

  • 46  This day will the Lord deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.

  • 47  And all this assembly shall know that the Lord saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the Lord's, and he will give you into our hands.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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