1 SAMUEL 17:42

KING JAMES VERSION (KJV)

TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT

To get what 1 Samuel 17:42 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity.

“And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.”

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1 Samuel 17:42 Translation & Meaning

What does this verse really mean? Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. Information based on Strong's Exhaustive Concordance[1].

KJV Verse Original Hebrew Meaning/ Definition
This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail.
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And when the Philistine הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֛י A Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth Philistine
looked about, וַיַּבֵּ֧ט To scan, i.e., look intently at; by implication, to regard with pleasure, favor or care looked about
and saw וַיִּרְאֶ֥ה To see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative) saw
David, דָּוִ֖ד David, the youngest son of Jesse David
he disdained וַיִּבְזֵ֑הוּ To disesteem disdained
him: for כִּֽי (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed him for
he was הָיָ֣ה To exist, i.e., be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary) he was
but (No Hebrew definition. English implied.)
a youth, נַ֔עַר (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication, a servant; also (by interch. of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age) youth
and ruddy, וְאַדְמֹנִ֖י Reddish (of the hair or the complexion) ruddy
and of עִם Adverb or preposition, with (i.e., in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically, equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English) and of
a fair יְפֵ֥ה Beautiful (literally or figuratively) fair
countenance. מַרְאֶֽה׃ A view (the act of seeing); also an appearance (the thing seen), whether (real) a shape (especially if handsome, comeliness; often plural the looks), or (mental) a vision countenance

Verse Context

See 1 Samuel 17:42 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance.

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  • 40  And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.

  • 41  And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him.

  • 42  And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.

  • 43  And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.

  • 44  And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.




Sources:

The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool.


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